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God "does not play dice with the universe," writes Einstein in a letter to the auction

Letters from the renowned physicist Albert Einstein have recently become coveted objects for auction houses. The latest batch, which is being auctioned off by Christie's, provides another insight into Einstein's thoughts on quantum physics, including his criticism of other scientists for their lack of understanding of the subject.

Handwritten by Einstein in 1945, 10 years before his death. The letters were addressed to the theoretical physicist Paul Epstein of Caltech, where Einstein expressed his "private opinion" on the limits of quantum theory. In one of the handwritten letters, Einstein said, "God does not dice with the universe" and gave insight into his thoughts on the randomness of quantum mechanics.

"In response to Epstein's own essay on the EPR [Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen] problem in the June issue of the American Journal of Physics, Einstein writes to clarify why exactly he sees quantum mechanics as an" incomplete "theory," wrote Christie & # 39; s in the description. "Einstein and others had argued in the EPR paradox that the objective physical reality could be clarified more precisely than Heisenberg would have allowed, unless information was moving from one particle to another faster than the speed of light transferred another ̵

1; what Einstein would later call a "ghostly long-distance effect."


The principle is today called quantum entanglement which has become the basis for quantum computing.

As defined by IB, M Research uses quantum computing "the quantum mechanical phenomena overlaying and interweaving to produce states that scale exponentially with the number of qubits or quantum bits. "Possible applications include scientific breakthroughs, including the development of new drugs, faster diagnosis of disease, and more efficient devices and financial strategies for retirement.

The letters contain extremely detailed information on Einstein's reflections on the subject, a total of 8 pages with several hand-drawn diagrams by the renowned physicist. According to LiveScience, there was a recurring conflict between Einstein and the physicist Niels Bohr.

Einstein believed that "physics should try to describe objective facts," adding that the alternative is not helpful. A distinction between dream and reality is based on nothing but a metaphysical prejudice. In spite of his contempt for quantity theories in the letters, Einstein finally offered a praise for this and wrote: "My private opinion is this: quantum theory in its present form is an extremely successful experiment conducted with inappropriate means (concepts)."

The letters could reach an auction north of $ 200,000, according to Christie's preliminary estimate.

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