A diet rich in bananas, chickpeas and peanuts improves the gut bacteria of malnourished children and helps them to grow. 1
The growth of bones, brain and body is more likely.
The World Health Organization cited about 150 Millions of children under the age of five were malnourished worldwide.
Many malnourished children are not only weak and small, but also have incomplete or "immature" communities of bacteria in the gut compared to healthy children of the same age.
Promoting Good Bacteria
Washington University researchers in St. Louis believed that this could be the cause of poor growth – but not all foods can solve the problem equally well.
Research In a one-month trial, the researchers investigated the types of bacteria found in the healthy intestines of Bangladeshi children.
They then looked at what types of foods stimulate these important bacterial communities in mice and pigs.
reported in the journal Science, attended by 68 malnourished Bangladeshi children aged 12 to 18 months, the research team tested various diets in small groups.
After careful observation of the children's recovery, a diet stood out – the bananas, soy, peanut flour and chickpeas in a paste.
It has been found that this diet strengthens intestinal microbes in conjunction with bone growth, brain development and immune function.
In addition, ingredients were used that were affordable and acceptable to people in Bangladesh.
Prof. Jeffrey Gordon of Washington University, who led research with colleagues at the International Center for Diarrhea Research in Dhaka, Bangladesh, said the goal had been "to cure target microbes."
"Microbes do not see bananas or peanuts – they just see a mix of nutrients that they can use and share, "he said.
" This formulation has worked best in animals and humans and produced the biggest repair.
Other diets that were dominated by rice or lentils did not develop well and sometimes even damaged the intestine even more.
Prof Gordon said it was still not clear why these foods worked best, but much larger An attempt has now been made to find out if diet has long-term effects on children's weight and weight gain.
"This is a microbial community that extends well beyond the gut," he said.  "That's it. This is closely related to the state of health and we need to find out the mechanisms so that they can be repaired later in life.
He added that in other countries different foods might have similar effects.
What is the microbiome?  They are more microbes than humans – if you count all cells in your body, only 43% are h uman