According to an Australian-Turkish research team, fat-like particles are abundant in space. Astronomers at both the University of New South Wales, Sydney, and Ege University, located in Turkey, have used laboratories to build materials that have the same characteristics as interstellar dust. The researchers then used the results to find out the amount of "space fat" available in the Milky Way. The results of such research can be seen in the monthly reports of the Royal Astronomical Society
. Carbon is considered one of the vital elements in life support and is found in various types of organic matter. However, there are many doubts about availability in large quantities. It learns to find out the fact that only half of the expected carbon is traced back between the stars in its pure form. Remaining elements are formed chemically in two primary forms, such as fat-like (aliphatic) and moth-like (aromatic)
In such a situation, the research team of the University of New South Wales, as well as the Ege University, resorted to a laboratory to form an element that would consist of the same material and would have the same properties as the interstellar dust. Researchers have carried out a useful imitation process that synthesizes organic molecules in the carbon star effluents. This is done by resorting to the expansion of a carbon-containing plasma into a vacuum at a shallow temperature.
The material was collected and then analyzed using some techniques. Initially, the use of magnetic resonance and spectroscopy was considered to find out how much the element absorbs light with a significant infrared wavelength, which is a marker of aliphatic carbon. According to Tim Schmidt, a professor at the Center of Excellence of the Australian Research Council, they combine the results of the lab tests and the astronomical observations to finally arrive at the conclusions.
Researchers have discovered that it is close to 1