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Growing with phones Horns from the skulls of young people?



In June 2019, a variety of news releases reported that technology had found researchers to have a startling development in human physiology: horns or "spikes" that grew out of the base of young people's skulls when they looked down at the cell phone , The problem with these headlines is that the underlying claim is unfounded.

For example, the Washington Post reported that researchers at the University of the Sunshine Coast in Queensland, Australia, have found a "hook-like or horn-like feature" protruding from the skull just above the neck "what" the first documentation of a physiological or skeletal adaptation to the penetration of advanced technologies into everyday life ".

The study was focussed on February 20, 201

8 in the journal [19459004veröffentlicht] Scientific Reports focuses on a feature known to scientists as the outer occipital prominence (EOP), a bump on the back of the head in the middle, exactly where the neck muscles stick to the head. The anomaly characterized by the authors of the thesis is called extended EOP (or EEOP).

"We assume that EEOP is associated with persistent, aberrant attitudes associated with the advent and extensive use of modern handheld technologies such as smartphones and tablets," the authors said. "Our findings raise concern about the future health of the musculoskeletal system of the young adult population and reinforce the need for prevention through education for posture improvement."

Since history has become viral, various publications have encountered technical news holes in the research site Gizmodo pointed out that the use of the term "hypothesis" indicates that nothing is known about the results of the research Papiers was proved.

Meanwhile the New York Times reported about it although it is known that it causes pain when spending a lot of time with gadgets. The study lacked a control group, so that cause and effect could not be proven. The study also focused on a group that already had enough pain to undergo X infection. Beam. "So it's not clear how the results affect the rest of the population."

Although it is possible for bone spurs to form when the neck is constantly being pulled forward, this is for Drs. Evan Johnson, Assistant Professor and Director of Physiotherapy at the New York Presbyterian Och Spine Hospital, cites The Times . The worse result would be if the use of mobile phones were responsible for widespread posture changes that could lead to long-term musculoskeletal problems.

Paleoanthropologist John Hawks does not buy it at all. "Horns grow on the skulls of young people – it's a juicy headline, but it's not the truth." The idea could lead to a moral panic about the impact of cell phone use on humans, but research does not confirm that, he wrote A blog post from June 24, 2019.

Hawks said he believed that serious mistakes undermine the credibility of the paper's text.The authors of the study find that men are 5.48 times more likely to have an increased EOP than women. The authors also provide a graph that seems to show younger people between the ages of 18 and 29 years with a significantly higher prevalence of increased intraocular pressure than people between the ages of 30 and 50.

The graph, however, does not agree with the Consensus that men are more than five times more likely than women to have an extended OP ttdessen "both sexes with very high and similar frequencies," said Hawks.

Hawks also wondered if many of the X-ray images were really magnified EOPs or illusions created by the angle at which the X-rays were taken. "These are rather side views of the thickened area of ​​the upper neckline. Overall, this means that what the authors are considering may not have anything to do with what an anthropologist can actually see on a bone. It could be an illusion. "

The Times also cited Dr. David J. Langer, Chair of Neurosurgery at Lenox Hill Hospital, New York. Surgical surgeons who have a lot to look down on professionally are degenerative disc disease and neck misalignments, non-protruding corneal proliferations. "Headphones?" Langer asked. "Come on."


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