Previously, Prickett and her team used national statistics to estimate the number of children under the age of 5 who died of gun violations between 1976 and 2016, as well as the number of families that owned weapons and the type of guns that were used they owned.
In the 41 years of the study, the proportion of families with small children who possessed firearms dropped from 50% to 45% in white and from 38% to 6% in African American families.
In White American households, the handgun rose from 49% of total guns held in 1
The authors said they did not have sufficient data to draw reliable conclusions on the trend for African American families, where the child mortality rate after firearm injuries is usually higher despite lower numbers of firearms.
Child mortality The number of firearms in the late 1970s and early 1980s peaked and declined until 2001, according to the study. Rates rose again, nearly doubling over the past decade from 0.36 per 100,000 children aged 1 to 4 to 0.63 per 100,000.
Dr. Wendy Sue Swanson, general pediatrician and director of digital innovation at Seattle Children's Hospital, said the study reminds us that we live in an environment that is still not as safe for children as we wish.
"We know from the data that we can not simply tell our children not to touch them, and even if they know they should not touch, they still do," Swanson said was involved in the new investigation. "And they die more often because of this beautiful innocence and curiosity when a weapon is in the mix."
For parents who choose firearms at home, Swanson is clear.
"It can not be stored in a place that a child can access, and it should not be loaded loaded," she said. "We can not trust that children will not explore the gun or even understand how it works and how deadly it is."