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Home / Health / Hans Asperger supported and supported the Nazi program, according to a study | world news

Hans Asperger supported and supported the Nazi program, according to a study | world news



The Austrian physician, after whom Asperger's Syndrome was named, was an active member of the Nazi regime, helped with the euthanasia of the Third Reich, and supported the concept of racial hygiene by deeming certain children unworthy, according to a study by one Historians

Herwig Czech of the Medical University of Vienna has expressed this in a scientific paper in the open-access journal Molecular Autism after eight years of research on pediatrician Hans Asperger.

Asperger is a pioneer in the field of child psychiatry and pediatrics, in particular for his groundbreaking contribution to the understanding of Asperger's syndrome and the autism spectrum

but by excavating previously untouched documents from state archives, including Asperger's personal files and patient records In Czech, a scientist who has become so closely associated with the Nazi ideology that he often called chi is at the clinic Am Spiegelgrund, which was set up as a collection point for children who did not adhere to the criteria of the regime "worth living" ,

Nearly 800 children died in the clinic between 1

940 and 1945, many of them were murdered under the infamous T4 euthanasia program.

In a joint statement by the editors of Molecular Autism – Simon Baron-Cohen, Ami Klin, Steve Silberman and Joseph Buxbaum – they welcomed the fact that the "meticulous research" of the Czech Republic was finally skeptical of Asperger's claims that he had his decades-long skepticism Patients have done a cautious approach.

"The degree of Asperger's involvement in targeting the most vulnerable children in Vienna has long been an open and annoying issue in autism research," they wrote in a joint statement.

At that time, the term Asperger's Syndrome was reported in London in 1981. Lorna Wing coined: "You and we as scientists and clinicians, as well as the wider autism community, were not aware of the close alliance of Hans Asperger and the support of the Nazi Mandatory program of rilization and euthanasia."





  Hans Asperger [19659010] Hans Asperger (first row, right) with his medical colleagues 1933 in Vienna. Photo: Medical University of Vienna / Josephinum
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<p>  Among the results of the Czechs is a photo of the disturbed face of Herta Schreiber, who suffered from encephalitis and died of pneumonia three months after she was admitted to Spiegelgrund on Asperger's orders the day after her third birthday. </p>
<p>  Asperger ordered her transfer because "she must be an unbearable burden on her mother," and she was considered incurable. A copy of Herta's brain, which was found in a preparatory glass in the basement of the clinic in the late 1990s, was buried in 2002, Czech said. </p>
<p>  There was no evidence that Asperger had specifically targeted patients with pronounced psychological features for euthanasia called "autistic psychopaths", under the diagnosis he became famous for, said Czech. But his diagnoses proved troublesome to many of his patients, even years after the collapse of the Nazi regime. Asperger worked for more than three decades as a doctor. </p>
<p>  Neither, said Czech, was there evidence of the benevolent attitude toward his patients, of which Asperger and others later boasted. The Czechs also found a clear lack of evidence for Asperger's self-imposed "pedagogical optimism," according to which some could be treated or cured. </p>
<p>  Asperger was very proud of his "curative pedagogy", which promoted the popular idea among his colleagues and Nazi leaders at a time of labor shortage, which in some cases made people with autism excellent soldiers and reliable workers. But Asperger also wrote about the need to take "restrictive measures" against "incurable" and hereditary patients, "out of responsibility to the German race". </p>
<p>  "In short, he was responsible for depriving him of many children he seemed unable to live outside the institutions," said Czech. </p>
<p>  Asperger rose to the highest position in the field of therapeutic pedagogy and adapted it, attacking the Nazi ideology and being promoted beyond the heads of Jewish colleagues who were forced out of business. </p>
<p>  In his 43-page paper, Czech criticized authors in the English-speaking world for decades, accusing them of "maintaining" Asperger's "predominantly apologetic narrative" based on the limited selection of sources available to them , He also criticized Uta Frith, who is considered one of the UK's leading experts in autism, and said she scarcely mentioned National Socialism in 1991 in her book Asperger and His Syndrome, which in his opinion contributed significantly to Asperger's "cracking down on his patients." Nazi regime under great personal danger ", as the opposite was the case, said Czech. Frith declined to comment on this article. </p>
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  Documentation



Evidence of the confidence of Nazi authorities in Hans Asperger's references as someone who agrees with the sensitivities of the project. Photo: WStLA

Czech also gives examples of how Asperger often blamed sexually abused children for the abuse and cited how anti-Semitic stereotypes flowed into Asperger's diagnostic reports.

"Asperger refused to acknowledge the reality of anti-Jewish persecution by the Nazi regime, and this indifference is visible both during and after the war," said Czech.

The historian admitted that his findings could be painful for autistic people and their families, but said he was obliged to reveal them.

"It would have been wrong to hold back this information, however difficult it may be," he said. "At the same time, there is no evidence that his contributions to autism research were hampered by his problematic role during National Socialism, so it would not be helpful to delete the term Asperger from the medical dictionary, rather, it should be an opportunity to reflect the past

Carol Povey, director of the National Autistic Society at the UK Center for Autism, said: "We expect these findings to trigger a great deal of conversation among autistic people and their family members, especially those who Identify yourself with the term "Asperger." Obviously, no one with a diagnosis of Asperger's Syndrome is in any way affected by this very disturbing story. "


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