NASA – the US Space Agency, which brought people to the moon and was at the forefront of space exploration – is celebrating its 60th anniversary.
The organization has not only pushed the boundaries of human knowledge within our solar system and the Earth's distant universe, but it has also been crucial to developing the technologies we use every day on Earth.
Here's a look back at some accomplishments, setbacks, and the contributions that his research has made to technological developments. The launch of the first US satellite was a milestone for the burgeoning America space program, if not for NASA – which it has not and humanity that had seen Sputnik 1
of the USSR a year earlier.
Explorer 1 was created by three scientists playing a crucial role in the US space program William Pickering, James Van Allen and Wernher von Braun – a former Nazi who was secretly relocated to the United States together with hundreds of other German scientists after the Second World War.
Alan Shepard was the first American in space, although NASA was beaten again to make a world record from the USSR, where Yuri Gargarin's Travel less than had done a month earlier.
The mission lasted only fifteen minutes and twenty-two seconds, but it provided NASA with valuable insights into the challenges that space travel would bring.
It has been observed by an estimated 45 million television viewers in the US alone
Mr. Shepard, for example, was stuck in the spacecraft for hours before take-off, urgently urinating, but there was no suitable (19659002) The mission control warned Shepard not to get wet, as this could short the electrical components on his body.
Eventually, Mr. Shepard persuaded the team to turn off the unit's electronics and urinate him in his suit – which soon dried up with the oxygen circulating around him.
Thanks to his sacrifice, modern astronauts have the freedom to go to the bathroom in their suits.
It is one of the most iconic images ever taken, taken by the Apollo 8 spacecraft as it circled the moon.
The Earthrise photograph was taken on Christmas Eve 1968 and has become one of the most frequently reproduced images of human history. # 39; Earthrise & # 39; Photo of Apollo 8, the first manned mission to the moon. The crew entered Lunar Orbit on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1968. That evening, the astronauts were broadcast live and showed images of the Earth and the Moon as seen from their spaceship.
Image: The famous "Earthrise" photo of Apollo 8
The image exhausted by the astronaut Bill Anders gave people a new perspective on their home planet. He later said that despite all the training and preparation for exploring the moon, the astronauts had discovered Earth.
NASA was beaten to create a satellite, and was beaten to send a man into space, one of the greatest achievements humanity could ever consider – bringing a man to the moon.
This is a small step for man, a big leap for humanity.
Just seven months after the Apollo 8 mission, the three Apollo 11 astronauts embarked on a mission to land on the Moon.
On the morning of July 16, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins entered orbit around Earth, and three days later the Moon was in orbit.
The following day, Armstrong and Aldrin climbed into the Eagle lunar module and began the descent while Collins moved on in the command module Columbia.
Collins later wrote that Eagle was "the strangest-looking device I've ever seen in the sky ". but it remains one of the most iconic devices ever seen.
An estimated 530 million people watched the worldwide live broadcast of the Lunar Land, which was not broadcasted in the Eastern Bloc (with the exception of Romania) and went off at 1:56 in the UK.
The fear of number 13 was long before the Apollo mission, but the shocking explosion that shook Apollo 13 finally gave NASA the opportunity to show off its cool heads and serenity – along with good luck – it enabled one of the most incredible rescue missions ever to take place.
The unmanned flight was the first to Jupiter, Saturn and the Milky Way flew. It was the first to pass through the asteroid belt, continuing observations and close-ups of Jupiter.
Pioneer 10 reached speeds of 82,000 mph (131,200 kmph) as it traversed the asteroid belt.
It was traced on a similar trajectory by Pioneer 11 in 1973, a year after Pioneer 10.
Pioneer took measurements of the magnetosphere, the radiation belt, the magnetic field, the atmosphere and the interior of Jupiter. It sent back its last, very weak signal to Earth in January 2003.
After the Apollo missions came the era of space ferries. NASA originally had the vision of a reusable two-stage vehicle with a first-tier orbiter that would then return to Earth.
But budget problems meant that they could not construct a two-tier model. The design, which was finally brought to life, was used until 2011.
The first launch was to take place in 1976, but it was in 1981 before the Space Shuttle Challenger launched.
He circled safely back on Earth for two days in April earlier, paving the way for the next 30 years of carrying humans into space, repairing satellites, and doing research.
Pioneer 10 and 11 both wore plaques identifying their time and place of origin, but NASA was more ambitious when it came to Voyager.
It carried on the sounds of the earth, a golden record with salutations in the space Akkadian spoken 6,000 years ago, with Wu, a Chinese dialect.
It also contained songs from around the world, including pieces by Bach and Beethoven and Johnny B Goode by Chuck Berry [1 9659063] It was worn on Voyager “/>
Image: It was worn on Voyager  Voyager left our solar system in 1990 and it will take about 40,000 years to get in touch with another planetary system.
The Golden Record can now be purchased on vinyl and CD and is even available on Soundcloud.
In 1986, the launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger was triggered by a disaster. Within 73 seconds of launch, the shuttle "exploded" and killed all seven astronauts on board, including high school teacher Christa McAuliffe.
According to National Geographic, the tragedy was a complicated one, as the shuttles fuel tank collapsed and released liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellants. This created a huge fireball in the air.