The man, in his 30s, escaped the spectacular explosion of Vesuvius, which buried 79 AD in the Italian city of Pompeii.
But he had a tibia infection that could have made walking difficult. Archaeologists say. While fleeing from the first raging outburst when the volcano came to life after more than 1,500 years, it did not get very far.
The man did not die in distorted agony, buried in pumice and ashes, but by decapitation from a large block of stone that had probably been flung through the air by volcanic gases and crushed his thorax and head.
Officials of the Pompeii archaeological site announced Tuesday that they had found the remains of the man nearly 2000 years later he died. They published a photograph of the skeleton peeking out from under a large block of stone believed to have been a jamb that had been "overturned by the volcanic cloud."
The skeleton showed signs of bone infection in one leg. That would have prevented the man's ability to "escape at the first dramatic signs that preceded the outbreak," the officials said.
Archaeologists have not found his head yet.
Massimo Osanna, Director-General of the Archaeological Site, called it "an extraordinary find" that contributed to a better "picture of the history and civilization of the age".
"This discovery has shown the leaps in the archaeological field," he said in a statement . "The local team is not just archaeologists, but experts in many fields: engineers, restorers, and technical aids such as drones and 3D scanners."
"Now we have the opportunity to rebuild space as it once was."
[ Scientists hope to learn how Pompeians lived . ]
The discovery was made after new excavations at the site in March, in a section called Regio V.
It was the second announcement in a week after the excavation of an unexplored part of Pompeii, one of the Most visited archaeological site in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage site 16 miles southeast Naples
Last week, officials said they discovered a street with houses with intact balconies that were buried when Mount Vesuvius erupted.
Some of the balconies had conical terracotta vases in which wine was kept and oil. The ministry of culture said the balconies were an "absolute novelty" for this part of the buried city, which has not been fully excavated yet.
The statement said the balconies would be restored and the area would be included in a public tour, according to The Associated Press.
Mount Vesuvius lumbered for a while before breaking out on August 24 of the same year, destroying nearby Pompeii and Herculaneum, burying their inhabitants in lava and leaving their remains in fossils of ashes.
About 2,000 people died in Pompeii, a city of 20,000 inhabitants; about 3,000 have died in everything.
Mount Vesuvius is the only active volcano on mainland Europe. Geologists say there is no doubt that it will erupt again, it's just a matter of when. It has broken down about three dozen times since 79 AD, most recently in 1944, when it killed 26 people and caused relatively little damage.
The volcano is still considered a threat to nearby cities, including Naples. Approximately 600,000 people live in 18 cities within the so-called red zone, the populated area that would bear the brunt of an outbreak.
The Italian government has offered to pay those who move outside the zone . It has also devised an evacuation plan to clear out the red zone 72 hours before an expected eruption.