Geneva (AFP) – While the link between smoking and a range of cancers is known, the World Health Organization on Thursday warned that awareness of the effects of tobacco on the human heart is too little known
On the occasion of world The UN health service said on Thursday that smoking had dropped significantly since 2000, but warned that there was still a lot left Too many people indulge in the dangerous habit
and warned that the research showed that "a serious lack of knowledge" about the various health risks associated with tobacco.
Tobacco use has been associated with more than seven million deaths worldwide each year, including around 890,000 by inhaling passive smoking.
But many people are almost unaware of this Half of these deaths, around three million, are due to cardiovascular disease, including heart attack and stroke, the WHO warned.
"Most people know that the use of tobacco causes cancer and lung disease, but humans People are unaware that tobacco also causes heart disease and strokes – the world's leading killer," said WHO boss Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus in a statement.
"Tobacco does not just cause cancer, it literally breaks hearts," he said.
Tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals, including tar and others that can narrow arteries and damage blood vessels, and nicotine, which is associated with increases in heart rate and blood pressure. At the same time, smoking releases toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, which replaces oxygen in the blood, reducing the availability of oxygen to the heart muscle, WHO said.
The Authority pointed out that tobacco use is responsible for 17 percent of the nearly 18 million deaths from cardiovascular disease worldwide worldwide.
However, many countries are aware that smoking significantly increases the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease.
In China, for example: a A large WHO survey found that more than 60 percent of the population does not know that smoking can lead to heart attacks, while in India and Indonesia more than half of adults are unaware of this Smoking can cause a stroke. "
"Governments have power in their hands to protect their citizens from unnecessary suffering from heart disease," said Douglas Bettcher, head of the WHO Department of Noncommunicable Diseases.
The WHO report on smoking trends and prevalence has dropped from 27 percent in 2000 to 20 percent in 2016.
But it warned that the speed of the reduction was too slow.
Due to population growth, the number of smokers in the world with 1.1 billion remained relatively stable, Bettcher told reporters.