Editor specializing in extreme weather, climate change, science and the environment.  July 25 at 10:11 am
PARIS – Europe suffered a second devastating heatwave on Thursday, with life-threatening temperatures breaking records across the continent.
The recent heatwave is one of the most intense since its inception and shakes Wednesday in Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany all-time highs. Some of them stayed only one day and were defeated on Thursday, as temperatures rose even higher from France to the north, to the UK and from east to Germany.
London and Paris experienced the hottest days of their history, and numerous other cities are likely to see their highest temperatures since the start of data collection.
The temperatures in the French capital reached a breathtaking 42.4 degrees Celsius local time shortly after 3pm, according to Météo-France, the national weather service, the previous record of 104.7 ° F (40.4 ° C) from the year 1947 surpasses.
"Nobody is safe at such temperatures," said French health minister Agnès Buzyn. "This is the first time that departments in the north of the country have been affected. , , Populations not used to such heat. "
" Heatwaves are a serious problem for the elderly and the sick, "said Anton Hofreiter, leader of the Greens in Germany, in front of Der Spiegel, saying that the German Chancellor Angela Merkel's government had not done enough to support those affected, and France led by example.
Twenty French administrative authorities – from Paris to the north towards the English Channel – have been set on the highest alert possible.
Elisabeth Borne, the French Minister for Sustainable Development, called on the citizens to avoid all unnecessary travel during their stay Cancel or postpone the heatwave, which is expected to last until Friday. SNCF, France's state-owned railway company, allowed customers to exchange or cancel trips on Thursdays in the 20 particularly affected northern regions free of charge.
In Belgium, the government activated hot weather a "code red Alarm For the first time, some regional trains were also out of order, because the equipment the heat could not withstand.
Mercury in Belgium reached 103.8 ° F on Wednesday, the hottest since records began in 1833, and temperatures were expected to get hotter on Thursday.
The punishment of the heat – in historic cities, most of which do not have widespread air conditioning, especially in private households – has become the new normal in Europe.
In many parts of Europe, air conditioning has often been considered a luxury. and even an American treat. But that's changing, said Sacha Gaillard, a technician at Les Bons Artisans, a French company that installs air conditioning systems, among other things.
"We are in a situation where people can not live," he said, noting that the company's air conditioning business in France has grown exponentially over the past five years. "[People] can not sleep in their apartments, air conditioning is no more comfort, it's a necessity, it's as if people do not have heat in winter."
Despite widespread misery during these increasingly frequent heat waves still oppose the view that air-conditioning is a necessity, and some still see climate change as a threat to the environment – the very wrong response to crippled heat waves caused by climate change.
There are Many residential buildings in cities like Paris are centuries old and historically classified landmarks, and their facades can not be changed easily without the express permission of the Town Hall or an architectural association under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture.
"Nine out of ten cases are allowed do not drill through the walls, "James Devlin said , a British man who runs James & # 39; Clim, an air conditioning installation service in Paris. He said that most of his installations take place in the suburbs and the surrounding area because the restrictions in Paris are great.
"If it is not a Grade II listed building, it is still very limited. You have no space to set up the unit outside. "
There is also the price: For a family-sized Parisian apartment of about 100 square meters or 1,070 square feet, Devlin said that the installation air conditioners could cost between 12,000 and 16,000 euros. Nevertheless, he has had an installation almost every day for the past five to six months. On Wednesday, the first day of intense heat, he received more than 40 calls for consultation.
In the meantime, cities are coordinating spontaneous measures to cool residents. For example, Paris has air-conditioned rooms in each district or district, as well as swimming pools and parks open 24 hours a day. In Europe, a historic heat wave shatters records with astonishing ease, speeding up Arctic melt]
Long-term, man-made climate changes make such extreme heat events more likely, harder and longer, according to numerous scientific studies.
] For example, a recent scientific journal published in a journal has found that the heatwave occurs at least five times more frequently in early summer in Europe than when the warming caused did not occur.
Worldwide, 2019 is on its way to becoming one of the five hottest years since the record began in the late 19th century. And partly due to the hot weather in Europe, July could be the hottest month ever. June 2019 was the hottest June so far.
The cause of this heatwave is a large high-pressure area known as the "Heat Dome," which temporarily diverts the typical flow of jetstream and allows hot air to float from Africa to the north. This weather feature is unusually intense, so that the temperature records of all times can drop to the hottest season, when such records are usually so high that they are difficult to topple.
The weather pattern responsible for this heat event is similar to the one that brought record heat in parts of Europe from late June to early July. However, this will migrate to the northeast to Scandinavia and break records in Norway and Sweden late in the weekend. Then temperatures could rise above the Arctic Ocean and accelerate the melting of an already anemic sea ice cover.
Rising temperatures are also fueling the Greenland's political climate, which has become an important political force, in part due to its efforts to reduce emissions and combat climate change, in anticipation of future heatwaves prepare. In their strategy paper, the Greens propose a "right to a home office" for all workers and a "free day off in excessively hot weather" for workers working outdoors. Visit of Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg earlier this week in France. She spoke to the National Assembly on Tuesday with a speech that triggered boycott calls by right-wing politicians.
"You do not have to listen to us," said Thunberg in her speech, "but you must listen to science. "
Freedman reported from Washington. Rick Noack in Berlin, Jennifer Hassan in London and Michael Birnbaum in Riga, Latvia, have contributed to this report.
October 19, 2019
October 19, 2019