A plant-based diet that includes nuts, soy, legumes, beans, peas, and a small amount of plant sterols could reduce many risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including blood pressure, triglycerides, and inflammation, a new study found. 19659002] According to the researchers, the plant nutrition pattern is known as a portfolio diet and is based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
In addition to reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (bad cholesterol) by about 30 percent in combination with a low saturated high-fat diet – a level comparable to medication, researchers found the diet limited other factors for an estimated 13 percent reduction of the overall risk of coronary heart disease, including angina and heart attack.
"We knew the Portfolio diet lowers LDL cholesterol, but we did not have a clear idea of what else it could do," said co-author John Sievenpiper, Associate Professor, University of Toronto, Canada [1
For the study, published in the journal Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, researchers performed a meta-analysis combining results from seven controlled trials involving more than 400 patients.
They found that specific risk factors The number of patients was from about 2 percent (for blood pressure) to 32 percent (for inflammation).
Researchers said that dietary and lifestyle changes enable patients to manage high cholesterol and cardiovascular risks provides additional reasons for this approach.
Diet compliance may be challenging for some patients, but many find that taking only a few plant-based foods offers tangible benefits, the researchers said.
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