Home / Science / Here's everything Jeff Bezos said to convince humanity that space colonies are the future

Here's everything Jeff Bezos said to convince humanity that space colonies are the future

Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, the richest man in the world, yesterday spent an hour holding his plans for the future of humanity on the Moon and in space colonies. It was a bit like watching a monologue from a sci-fi movie in many ways. And now you can finally watch the entire presentation online.

Billionaire Elon Musk attaches great importance to offering a live video stream when announcing something so important and futuristic. But Bezos and its space company Blue Origin did not post a video of yesterday's event until midnight. It's a fascinating conversation, but maybe a livestream next time, Jeff? After all, it's the future we talk about.

The entire presentation has been uploaded to YouTube and we have a TLDR (or TLDW version) version with screenshots and animated GIFs.

Bezos began his presentation by saying that "The Earth is the Best Planet" and many quotes from people like the late Astronomer Carl Sagan.

Bezos emphasized that we as human beings can both "work here and now" and "with great problems."

Bezos claimed, " We will run out of energy on earth " and that " that's just arithmetic. " Bezos says humanity's energy use is not sustainable.

Bezos says we can focus on energy efficiency But the problem with this idea is that "it's already accepted".

Bezos was created various examples of improved efficiency, from the amount of work that was required 200 years ago to produce artificial light, to the amount of fuel that was required to make a man in to bring around an airplane.

Screenshot: Blue Origin

"What happens when unlimited demand hits finite resources? The answer is unbelievably simple: rationing, "said Bezos.

" The good news is that when we go out into the solar system, for practical reasons, we would have unlimited resources. Bezos said.

Screenshot: Blue Origin

"So we can Do we want stasis and rationing or do we want momentum and growth? "Bezos said." This is an easy choice, we know what we want, we just have to deal with it. "

Bezos continues when humankind going into the solar system, we could have "a trillion people," meaning "we could have a thousand Mozarts and a thousand Einsteins." Bezos never really explains what he means, but it sounds good!

Screenshot: Blue Origin

Bezos introduced the audience to the ideas of Gerard O'Neill, de m deceased physicist and a great proponent of building artificial habitats in space.

Bezos said a scenario where humans live on other planetary surfaces It is not ideal, as places like Mars are at a great distance, have no earth-like gravity, and are not that big.

Sc reenshot: Blue Origin

"What O Neill and his students are up to Bringing the idea was the idea of ​​completed worlds being shot to create centrifugal force, "says Bezos.

says Bezos be many kilometers long and hold one million or more people.

"This is a very different colony" than the International Space Station.

Bezos said his new space colonies had ] "high speed traffic, agricultural areas" (19459012) and says "we added a small drone there" (19459012) while watching the animated video of his space colonies Show idea.

"Some of them would be more rest." Bezos said while a picture of a wildlife-filled space colony appeared on the presentation surface.

"These are really nice places to live," Bezos said. "Some of these O'Neill colonies could replicate Earth's cities. You could pick historical cities and somehow imitate them. "

" There are completely new types of architecture, "said Bezos. "These are ideal climates. These are shirt-sleeved environments. "

" This is Maui on its most beautiful day, all year round. No rain, no storm, no earthquakes. What does architecture look like when it is no longer primarily used as accommodation? We will find out. "

Bezos then played a snippet from an 1975 interview with Isaac Asimov and Gerard K. O'Neill.

Bezos continues to say this with its space colonies not far The earth, our home planet, will be "in residential areas and in light industry".

Heavy industry and "all things that pollute our planet" are done from Earth, explains Bezos.

"There is no plan B. We must save this planet" Bezos said in his presentation that it was supposedly a Plan B.

Screenshot: Blue Origin

Bezos said "That will take a long time, that is a great vision " Recognizing that " the price for the admission of interesting things in space is just too high "

" There is no infrastructure " For space travel Bezos said while executing that Amazon would have to build the US Postal Service, if he had to build the US Postal Service, he would not work and Amazon would have to invest billions of dollars to get off the ground.

Bezos also explains that they do not have to invent payment systems like credit cards, which are also part of the infrastructure that has helped Amazon succeed.

Screenshot: Blue Origin

"Infrastructure makes entrepreneurs do amazing things" [19659003] . The children here and their children and their grandchildren are building the O & Neill colonies. The task of this generation is the task of my generation to build the infrastructure so that you are able to do it, "said Bezos. "We will make a way into space, and then amazing things will happen."

Bezos says that there are two important things needed to live humanity in space. Firstly, radical introduction costs have to be reduced, and second, resources in space have to be exploited, as it is incredibly expensive to transport things from Earth to space.

Bezos then went on a reusable field spacecraft like the New Shepard of Blue Origin. The New Shepard is a suborbital vehicle designed for space tourism.

"We will fly people with the New Shepard this year," Bezos said. "This is unbelievably exciting."

"New Shepard is powered by liquid hydrogen. It's the rocket fuel with the best performance, but it's also the hardest to work with, "Bezos said.

" And it's not necessary for a suborbital mission. Why did we choose it? Because we knew we would need it for the next stage, and we wanted to practice with this most difficult to use but most powerful propellant. "

Bezos said that it was the same reason for which they developed a vertical landing the New Shepard.

"I can not wait to send people to New Shepard later this year. That's a big deal. "

Bezos said he was often asked what would change in ten years, but the" more important question "is what will not change.

Nobody believes it's customers In ten years' time, he'll demand higher prices for Amazon, and he says similar things apply to space.

Bezos stated that the first stage of the New Glenn is to be reused 25 times and has a 7-meter disguise.

The New Glenn will lift 45 tonnes into Earth orbit (LEO) and 13 tonnes into Geosynchronous Transfer orbit (GTO).

beginning, "said 19459012 Bezos of the New Glenn. "We will fly it for the first time in 2021."

Bezos announced the fact that New Glenn uses a cheap fuel, stating that "the cost of the New Glenn Less fuel are millions of dollars. "

" The reason that launching things into orbit today is so expensive is because you throw away the hardware, "Bezos said. " It's as if you drive to the mall and throw it away after a ride. "

" One of the most important things we know about the moon today is that there is water there, it's in shape of ice. "

Moon is near and you do not have the limitations of a " 22 month launch window " to get to Mars, the window is actually 26 months, but even billionaire space nerds sometimes cause problems.

Bezos also cites the lack of gravity on the moon as a big advantage, things get there.

But guess what Moon needs an infrastructure, "Bezos said. At this point, Bezos said he wanted to show the audience something, and a curtain was drawn to reveal "Blue Moon," a lunar landing craft where Bezos says they've been working for three years.

Screenshot: Blue Origin

"It will land 3.6 tons on the lunar surface. The variant of the stretch tank will land 6.5 tonnes on the lunar surface softly, "Bezos said.

" The deck is designed as a very simple interface, allowing a variety of payloads to be placed on the upper deck and Bezos said.

The davit system that Bezos says was inspired by a naval system is designed to lower things from the deck to the lunar surface.

The davit system consists of these Bezos walls behind Bezos in this GIF:

Bezos then talked about the rover to his right, and he said that the Blue Moon Lander can store up to four of them.

Bezos then instructed his producers to hiring them Returning to the upper deck, he explains some of the characteristics of the Moonland lands of Blue Moon.

"On the left side you can see our star tracker so that this vehicle can navigate autonomously," Bezos said 19459012.

"On the right side you'll see an optical communication system that gives us gigabit bandwidth back to earth," explained Bezos. "It's a laser that transmits data back to Earth. We also have an X-band for a 10 megabit radio.

Screenshot: Blue Origin

we use liquid hydrogen? That's not what Apollo did, "Bezos said. "First, it's a very high performance, and that's very helpful when you land on the moon."

"The second reason we use liquid hydrogen is because, that we are ultimately you will be able to draw hydrogen from the water on the moon and be able to refuel and use those vehicles on the lunar surface. "

Bezos said the reason they chose hydrogen fuel cells Solar cells are said to run during the moonlit night, which is two weeks long and" gets very cold. "

Bezos notes that "there is no GPS on the moon". So if you want to land exactly, use the moon functions to navigate.

"Now that we have mapped the entire Moon in detail, we can use these pre-existing maps to tell the system what to look for and navigate relative to it." [19659003] "This is an incredible vehicle, and it goes to the moon, "said Bezos.

Bezos then got a young girl to introduce a new BE-7 engine, which his team continued to work on for three years. It uses liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen and will be hot-fired for the first time this summer.

Bezos explains that the Blue Moon Lander weighs 33,000 pounds. However, as it is just about to land, it weighs less than 7,000 pounds because of the fuel consumed. The ability to throttle in this scenario is very important.

Bezos then played an animation that showed what the lander can do on his mission around the moon, including launching small satellites.

He also showed what the moon would look like when it landed on the moon. "The primary burn takes six minutes," Bezos said.

The video then shows how the davit system works by placing a rover on the lunar surface from the top deck of the lander.

Bezos recognized the Science Advisory Board of six people with whom he worked on the project, although he did not mention any of them by name.

Bezos said there are many other things you could know about using his system, including a pressurized human rover like the one below, to deploy on the moon.

Screenshot: Blue Origin

Bezos then cited the wish of Vice President Mike Pence, an American astronaut to bring to the moon within the next five years.

"I love that, it's the right thing," Bezos said. Without mentioning his numerous public confrontations with President Donald Trump, Bezos said he could stick to this schedule and bring the people to the moon by 2024 because they started three years ago.

"It's time to go back to the moon this time" Bezos said before the audience's scattered applause was finally converted into continued applause.

"What I interpret here today is obviously a multi-generation vision. This will not be done by one generation, and one of the things we need to do is to inspire future generations. "

Bezos announced that Blue Origin launched the" Club for the Future ". that will do a series of activities for children. The first activity is that children write or draw their own vision of the future on a postcard sent to space on New Shepard. These postcards are then returned to the children.

Screenshot: Blue Origin

No mistake, Earth is the best planet ", Bezos said. . "We have to protect it, it's important, it's our job. We are now big enough to hurt this planet. "

" We must use the resources of space. We need to have a future for our grandchildren and their grandchildren of momentum. We can not allow them to fall victim to stasis and rationing. "

" When this generation builds its way into space, build that infrastructure. We will see thousands of future entrepreneurs building a real space industry. "

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