Sleep – it is one of the most important components for the preservation of human life. Given its importance, it seems logical to assume that we would try to gain more time for it, but unfortunately the opposite is true.
People too often struggle with sleep or even pass it by. Perhaps that's why a whole range of products have been developed, from innovative sleep sensors to smart salt lamps, to help us improve the quality of our sleep at night.
Well, such a team of scientists could come, but there are more reasons to go to sleep and much of it! It seems that bears are not the only animals that can benefit from hibernation known as hibernation.
These researchers believe in sleep so much that they want to pool their collective knowledge to find ways to conserve hibernation based on certain benefits of energy that they believe provides them. (Before our readers get too excited it seems appropriate to point out that the researchers are not suggesting that we pay off our annual vacation time and take a naps for weeks at a time.)
A meeting of the minds
9659006] The experts gathered yesterday in New Orleans at a conference of the American Physiological Society (APS). At the Conference Comparative Physiology: Complexity and Integration, they specifically discussed hibernation and the highly inactive state of torpor.
Torpor is defined by scientists in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior as "transient body loss" The temperature and metabolic rate, which is often associated with the failure of eating or micturition / defecation, is an adaptation of the Endothermic vertebrates that enable them to survive the energetic requirements of the cold ambient temperature.
At the symposium titled: "Harnessing Naturally Developed Torpor Benefit Human Spaceflight", there was a lively discussion about the interactions between the brain and a synthetic form of Torpor, and in addition the opportunity to use the Torpor for one day for everything of health care to use energy conversation to astronauts in space.
The Benefits of Space
"Synthetic torpor can protect astronauts from the dangers of space At the same time, space, volume, and spacecraft requirements are being reduced," explains Matthew Regan, also from the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine and co-chair of the symposium.
And growing research seems to agree. In a study examining the lower metabolic rates of astronauts during space missions due to the dramatic decline in gravity, a team of scientists discussed ways to reduce the energetic needs of astronauts by inducing a hypometabolic or drastically lower metabolic rate
Blind spot for the researchers is that they do not have enough understanding of the role that the nervous system plays during Torpor. "For an animal to enter the torpor, the neurons in the raphe pallidus must be inhibited," explained Matteo Cerri, MD and PhD, from the University of Bologna, Italy. "If the function is not suppressed in these cells, their activity would counteract torpor-induced hypothermia. "
To become an astronaut requires a great deal of study and physical and mental preparation, plus the impact the weightless environment can have on the body, and it becomes clear why research and development strategies, that are so important, but it is needless to say that it is a great beginning that will one day see us as we set out to sleep during sleep !