Protesters appeared on Wednesday at Eastern Magistrates' Court.
In a statement, police accused pro-democracy protesters of "peace-violating acts" and attacking police officers. "They set up roadblocks with umbrellas, wooden boards, bamboo poles and railings, destroyed roadside fences, damaged street signs and lampposts, and targeted police officers at the scene with deadly weapons like bricks and sharpened iron bars." according to statement.
Because the police did not have permission to march through the city, the protest became illegal once the demonstrators left Chater Gardens. Ventus Lau, 25, one of the organizers of the protest on Sunday, described the police's decision to ban the march through Hong Kong as a "serious threat to our freedom of expression in Hong Kong."
"There are no rioters, there is only tyranny," is a popular slogan that protesters have adopted in recent weeks.
When the city was hit by a tropical storm on Tuesday night, hundreds of people gathered in front of the Kwai Chung Police Station in the New Territories, some of whom police had accused of demonstrating on Sunday. The police used pepper spray and batons as protesters threw objects and sang, "Release the detainees now."
There were also skirmishes outside the police station at Tin Shui Wai, near the suburb of Yuen Long on the border with China, where violent mob attacks and clashes between police and protesters took place.
A total of 49 demonstrators were arrested for Sunday violence, including 32 men and 17 women between the ages of 16 and 41. A 24-year-old man was charged with possession of offensive weapons while two men were released on bail until further investigation, and two were temporarily released.
The police said that an active investigation had begun and further arrests were possible.
More urgent reaction to protesters
The protesters' demands during this period have expanded to include issues such as a greater democracy for the city, an investigation into alleged police brutality, the release of protests as a riot, and the resignation of General Director Carrie Lam.
escalated steadily in terms of violence and rhetoric.
Sara Mazloumsaki of CNN contributed from Atlanta.