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House Panel listens to Space Junk and Business in the Stars



Debris orbits the planet; The most concentrated area for orbital debris is in the low Earth orbit shown here. (NASA)

WASHINGTON (CN) – Officials from NASA and the Department of Defense agreed Friday that the creation of a "space force", as mandated by President Donald Trump, would be an ambitious undertaking Space junk has top priority

The officials – NASA Administrator Jim Briddentine and General John Hyten, who heads the US Strategic Command – joined Economy Minister Wilbur Ross in a Space Subcommittee to discuss plans for the management of space debris and commercialization

both Efforts are critical spikes from President Trump's June 18 executive order and key to realizing his two overarching ambitions – the creation of space force and the return to the moon.

"Unlike earlier generations, space activity is becoming largely commercial," said Secretary Ross Freitag, who noted that Trump's directive is the Ministry of Commerce's first time as the "Government Interface for Space Coordination"

, However, the increasing commercial use of space requires that the federal government better manage space-age waste in low Earth orbit – about 1,200 miles high – planet

According to Bridenstine, the debris ranges from very large to tiny pieces of only 10 centimeters, and the dramatically varying appeal to each of these items makes them "dangerous and unpredictable."

NASA does not keep a catalog of space debris or track where the space debris will be at any given time. What work will be done in this regard will be carried out by the US Department of Defense Agency.

Bridenstine told lawmakers on Friday that NASA's cooperation and defense and trade was an effective and efficient approach for both. Emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 157 & lang = en 19659003] With companies like Boeing and Space X saying they send dozens of small satellites into space for themselves and their customers, "the traffic and rubble will be managed over the next century," said Briddentine.

Rep. Jim Cooper, D-Tenn., Asked Bridenstine and Hyten how they wanted to deal with all the extra traffic.

"A large percentage of today's space debris is the result of just two collisions, and now there will be thousands, if not tens, of collision opportunities, each leading to a chain reaction that generates more debris, even the power of the fastest supercomputer Control could be [it,]"Cooper said. "Should we punish nations or countries that cause space debris? It is one thing to use carrots, but should we also use sticks?"

The challenge is enforcement, Briddensine said.

While some bad activity in orbit has changed with international pressure, there is "no real liability for damage". he said

The binding document governing rules of international activity in space is directed by the 1967 Space Treaty.

The treaty is clear about limiting the use of the moon for peaceful purposes and prohibiting certain types of weapons in space. But when it comes to rules, who can put what into orbit where, or for how long – without consequences – leaves the document to be desired, the officials agreed.

In 2007, China sent a "kinetic kill vehicle" at 8,000 kilometers per second to destroy its own weather satellite. The collision has created one of the most formidable space debris fields in history, Bridentine said.

General Hyten compared the future of space conflict or debris management to a wing that entered an airplane.

"You can not release a strut on the wing until you reach the next," he said.

At the moment, the FCC deals with broadband satellite problems, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association with remote sensing; The Federal Aviation Administration regulates take-off and re-entry regulations, and NASA provides advice to protect the space environment from contamination and contamination.

But Bridentine said the White House wants to know that it can create a one-stop-shop. [19659003] "It's getting harder," said Briddentine, although he agreed with Minister Ross.

"If you look at the expansion of humanity, whether it crosses the Atlantic or the continent, everything has been driven by trade, space has changed our lives, Americans do not realize how dependent we are on space." , he said. "It controls how we navigate, communicate, produce food, provide energy, provide disaster relief, predict weather, monitor climate and control our national security and defense."

Even banking needs a GPS signal on Earth, he said. When things like unrestrained space debris erase that connection, the impact is "catastrophic for our country."

"You can not do banking, you lose milk in grocery stores, the next thing you know is trouble," he said.


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