Although there is no known cure for breast cancer, scientists believe there are factors that can lower the risk of diagnosis. According to a new report, it is essential to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables every day.
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Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health recently conducted a study published in the International Journal of Cancer to examine the relationship between fruits and vegetables and the disease.
"Although earlier studies suggested an association, they were limited in their performance, especially for certain fruits and vegetables and aggressive subtypes of breast cancer," co-author Maryam Farvid said in a statement. "This study provides the most complete picture of the importance of consuming large quantities of fruits and vegetables for breast cancer prevention."
For the evaluation, they analyzed diet questionnaires, which are given every four years by participants in the Nurses' Health Study and the Health of Nurses II. The data are from 1
After analyzing the results, they found that women who consumed more than 5.5 servings of fruit and vegetables daily had an 11 percent lower risk of breast cancer for those who consumed only 2.5 or fewer servings daily.
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They defined a serving as a cup of raw leafy vegetables, half a cup of raw or cooked vegetables, or half a cup of chopped or boiled fruit.
They noticed cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli and yellow and orange vegetables (19659003). Further, they also found that higher fruit and vegetable intake was associated with a lower risk of more aggressive tumors.
High levels of fiber found in fruits and vegetables have previously been associated with reduced breast cancer risk. However, the scientists also said that the antioxidants and other micronutrients in foods could also be important.
"While a diet high in fruits and vegetables is associated with many other health benefits," senior author Heather Eliassen added a further incentive for women to increase their intake of fruits and vegetables. "
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