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How safe are e-cigarettes? Where is the science? health



This week, the Department of Health has called on all states to ban electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and other non-combustible steam appliances from public health risks and to ensure that they are not "sold, manufactured, distributed, traded, imported and advertised ". The Advisory followed a week after the Delhi Supreme Court gave the ministry seven days to file a sworn statement enforcing the law to control the sale of e-cigarettes.

Are e-cigarettes safer than traditional cigarettes? or are they ways to nicotine addiction? The debate remains highly polarized over whether e-cigarettes should be banned or not. Proponents say nicotine vapor in e-cigarettes is less harmful than conventional tobacco and helps quit smoking, while critics call for a ban on smoking abuse as a gateway to nicotine addiction and smoking. There is evidence that young e-cigarette consumers are at an increased risk of both smoking and consuming long-term flammable tobacco, according to the American Cancer Society's February 1

982 opinion on e-cigarettes. [19659002] The jury still has a ban, advocates everyone across the board strict regulations and a ban on indoor vaping because of its association with heart disease and the promotion of tumors. Nicotine vapors also affect fetal growth and brain development in children and adolescents, leading to learning and anxiety disorders.

What's in a steam?

The vapor (aerosol) contains several toxins that damage human health, such as glycols, aldehydes, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs), Metals, silicate particles and other elements. The toxins are lower on average than in cigarette smoke, but heavy metals like lead, chromium and nickel and chemicals like formaldehyde are often more in the vapor of e-cigarettes than in conventional cigarettes, according to the World Health Organization's report on e-cigarettes. Some poisons are specific to e-cigarettes, such as glyoxal, which causes stomach irritation and kidney damage.

The levels of toxins vary enormously within and within brands and are sometimes higher than in tobacco smoke due to the thermal decomposition of e-liquid components and differences are battery voltage and circuit units, which can alter how the product heats the solution to an aerosol

Ban or regulate?

Given the fact that the effectiveness of e-cigarettes helps smokers to quit nicotine addiction, scientists advise caution. The UK Subcommittee on Science and Technology reports on e-cigarettes released in August, supports e-cigarettes as a harm reduction agent, and recommends its use as a prescription for smoking cessation. It notes that they contain no tar and carbon monoxide and are significantly less harmful – about 95% – than traditional cigarettes, but they also underline the need for regulation because "uncertainties, especially long-term health effects, exist because the products are still in use

The American Cancer Society also warns that the effects of long-term use on health are well known, and calls for closer monitoring and prevention of dual use of e-cigarettes and flammable cigarettes

The Journal The Lancet warns against the latest findings on e-cigarettes and warns: "E-cigarettes are big business, with a large share of many tobacco products being naive and premature … of the UK House of Commons Absence of evidence confused with the absence of damage. "

On the basis verfab According to some scientific evidence, e-cigarettes need not be regulated as consumer products, but as an addictive drug that can only be prescribed to help users quit smoking. According to industry trends, India's e-cigarette market will grow from Rs 4.1bn in 2017 to Rs.4,4bn in 2017, with an annual growth rate of 34%. In 2017, according to GlobalData, the drug agency will need to grow Plc make sure it is only used damage reduction device to stop the nicotine addiction.

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First published: Sep 02, 2018 09:51 IST


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