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How science and technology changed during the morning edition: NPR



Cards depicting AIDS victims are being detonated during an interdenominational service in New York's Central Park in 1

983.

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Cards depicting AIDS victims are being detonated during an interdenominational service in New York's Central Park in 1983.

Charles Ruppmann / NY Daily News about Getty Images

When Morning Edition aired for the first time on November 5, 1979, AIDS was an unknown acronym. And the idea of ​​a cloned mammal or a map of human DNA could also have been sci-fi.

However, much has changed in the last four decades. During this time, spectacular advances in various scientific disciplines have had a major impact on our way of life today.

In 1981, Morning Edition (19459024) aired a story about a strange cancer happening called Kaposis sarcoma. [19659008] "Over the past three months, 28 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma have been reported in this country, all occurring in gay men, most of them at a young age," said Laurie Garrett Cases were the first indication of the impending AIDS epidemic , And this story was the first mention of the disease in NPR.

First, AIDS was largely considered a disease of gay people. But it was never just that, a fact that hit many people in 1991 when basketball star Earvin "Magic" Johnson – who was married and heterosexual – told the world that he was infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. [19659013] When he made the announcement, Johnson also said that he intended to live long despite the virus.

Many people were skeptical. HIV infection was often a death sentence in the early days of the epidemic.

But medical researchers have already found some medications that helped to keep AIDS at bay, and now there are a number of options for treating HIV infections and AIDS. Today, HIV infection is usually a manageable disease – and Johnson is still alive.

AIDS is just one of the diseases that scientists have successfully fought in the era of Morning Edition . Now parents can prevent many genetic diseases before a pregnancy has even begun. Genetic testing can ensure that only embryos that do not carry a disease gene – such as the cystic fibrosis gene – are implanted into human body via IVF.

When the idea was first proposed in 1986, many people, including many scientists, mocked it. The sequencing of all 3 billion DNA base pairs in our 23 chromosome pairs was considered too Herculean.

A visitor looks at a digital representation of the human genome at the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

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A few years later, the Human Genome Project was officially launched, and in 2000, President Bill Clinton announced this announcement in the White House:

"We are here to celebrate the completion of the first human survey. Without a doubt this is the most important and wondrous map ever created by humanity. "

Climate change is another topic that has been in the news since the morning edition . Already in 1982, the program reported on the concern of the scientists about the greenhouse effect of that time.

A researcher dips his arm into molten Arctic ice in Barrow, Alaska.

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"Over the past year, scientists have provided evidence that the polar ice caps are slowly melting," Lili Francklyn reported in a story from that year. "And some researchers think the climate will change over the next decade."

For a while, climate change seemed to be an impartial issue. Republican Newt Gingrich and Democrat Nancy Pelosi co-hosted a 2008 ad in which they said they agreed that our country must take action to tackle climate change. President Trump, who once called climate change "a joke," announced that the United States would resign from the Paris Agreement, which obliges countries to take steps to slow the rise in global temperatures. The US has officially requested a withdrawal earlier this week.

Prior to the introduction of the personal computer, mainframes were the norm. Introduced in 1970, the IBM System / 370 mainframe computer was one of the first computers to feature "virtual memory" technology.

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Of all the transformative scientific advances in the last 40 years, the rise of the Internet is perhaps the one that has influenced most of life. Originally developed with the support of the US Department of Defense and the National Science Foundation for national security and scientific research, the Internet now connects the world like never before.

When Morning Edition first aired If anything, few people would have imagined that companies like Google, Facebook and Amazon would become part of the S & P 500. At that time, computers were mainly used by enthusiasts, scientists and engineers.

An announcement from a 1981 industry leader indicated that computers are becoming mainstream Our company and we believe it will set a new standard for the industry, "said George Conrades of IBM.

It would also have been unthinkable if people have small devices in their pockets that they can connect to the world, but today more than 2 billion people own smartphones, and the number is growing rapidly worldwide.

When Morning Edition was aired in 1979 , you had to live near a television tower to hear the program in the United States, and now you can go to a café in Kathmandu or a bar in Barcelona and say thanks on the internet.


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