Experts predict that the heatwaves this year will be frequent and fierce. There has been some scorching temperatures all over the country lately, and it's likely that the heatwaves will continue to deteriorate, threatening the lives of thousands in US cities, unless climate change is violently tackled.
Ashley Wood, RN, BSN, points out that older people, very young people and people with mobility and chronic health problems are the most vulnerable – "anyone can be affected by a heatwave."
How can you prevent all from heat-related Protect diseases? (also known as hyperthermia) including heat exhaustion and heat stroke? We have compiled a list of expert tips.
Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate
The best protection for our body against heat is to double the hydration. Sounds simple enough, but many of us already have problems with being fully hydrated all day long. According to a recent survey by Quench, nearly 80 percent of employees say they do not drink enough water while working.
The Mayo Clinic recommends men aim for 1
Note the above daily water intake regimen to stay hydrated at normal temperatures. When the weather is very hot, you lose fluid through sweating faster and are at a higher risk of dehydration.
Dr. Paula Montana De La Cadena, cardiologist at the Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute, says that you should take a water break at least every 15 to 20 minutes, in addition to whenever you are thirsty – an indication that "the body is already dehydrated, "she says.
"When you exercise, you choose a sports drink with electrolytes, especially if you work out for more than an hour," she adds. "Do not drink coffee, cola or other caffeinated drinks. They increase the urine excretion and accelerate the drying out. "
Montana De La Cadena also warns against alcohol consumption (even with light beers), because" they increase the dehydration ".
Dr. Brittany Denny, DO, a gynecologist at ProMedica, notes that for pregnant women, moisturizing in a heatwave "is the most important thing to remember. When you use the toilet, your mother's urine should be as clear as water. If her urine is yellow, this is a sign of dehydration. "
Even if you're not pregnant, your urine is a good indicator of your hydration status, so it's wise to check that it's on the clear side, and when it's dark, you know you need more water.
Loose clothing, closed umbrellas, and supplies are a must.
In addition to the moisture supply, whose importance can not be overemphasized, Wood offers the following checklist to stay safe in the heat wave.
- Take cool baths and showering.
- Wear loose, cool clothing (if you're going outside, wear a hat and sunglasses and use sunscreen).
- Make sure you have enough supplies (food, water and medicines Heat waves can lead to power outages.
- Close windows and blinds when it's the hottest part of the day.
- Surely you want the air conditioning is turned on. Running a fan can be helpful. Note, however, that according to CDC, a fan alone can not handle the work of older people. As temperatures rise, you should check with your older neighbors and your family and make sure they are in an environment with working air conditioning (this should be provided by a local Senior Citizens Center).
- Keep away from the sun (especially in the hottest part of the day between 11:00 and 15:00 – outdoor activities to shift to the early morning or late evening.)
- Reduce the physical effort, especially if you are in In the heat waves, power outages are more likely (as we naturally operate all our air conditioners like crazy).
If you are taking any medications, you should be sure that you are talking to your doctor – quite a few Outlining this list from Harvard Health can increase your body's sensitivity to the sun and heat.
The symptoms of heat exhaustion and how to treat it.
The goal of keeping cool is not just to feel good, but to keep you cool especially in order to prevent the onset of heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion – the reaction of the body to the Verl ust of water and salt. This can lead to a heat stroke (more), which can be fatal.
According to the Mayo Clinic, you should monitor yourself and high-risk groups for the following symptoms:
- Cool, damp skin with goose bumps in the heat
- severe sweating
- weak, rapid pulse
- low blood pressure when standing
- muscle spasm [19659016Übelkeit headache
If you experience any of these symptoms with someone you know, you should put him in the shade (or even better in a room with air conditioning) and give it liquids. You should also get them to lie down with their feet above the heart level.
If an ice bath is not an option, try the TACO technique.
An Ice Bath is the Fastest Way Anyone who suffers from a possible heat exhaustion to cool off, but accumulates a wealth of ice in a second, may be impossible. In this case, follow Dr. Christopher Sampson, an ambulance at MU Health Care, and apply the TACO technique. You will need:
- liters of cold water
- A large tarpaulin
"Put the cold water in the tarpaulin and let the person sit in the middle while several people hold the edges and make a taco. around him, "says Sampson. "The people holding the tarpaulin then bend their knees to vibrate or keep the cold water in motion so that it does not heat up too close to the person in the middle, creating a barrier between the cold and the water It's a cheap, easy way to cool someone down quickly and prevent heat stroke. "
If the person does not recover after cooling down in" a few minutes, "she needs medical attention immediately
Heat stroke is life-threatening when symptoms are treated promptly
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that 8,081 heat-related deaths occurred in the United States from 1999 to 2010, however Suggesting that this figure could be higher Given that "healthcare providers are not required to treat heat-related illnesses like Hitzsch  The symptoms of heat exhaustion mentioned above should be your first indicator that a person needs help cooling off immediately.
If she has any of the following symptoms, she may have a heat stroke and needs an ambulance:
- High fever
- Race against her artbeat
- Restlessness and / or confusion
- Hot, dry skin
- Blurred language
Check the gums of your pets, restrict the movement and cool those paws
Unlike humans, dogs and cats do not sweat – leaving so her body can not regulate the temperature as effectively as we do. You should keep an eye on them and expose as little heat as possible (and never leave them in the car, of course).
"Walk with your dog in the early morning or in the late evening when the temperatures are cooler. and never leave your dog in a parked car (temperatures can be fatal in just 30 minutes), "Dr. Daniel Edge, DVM, Director of Veterinary Medicine at Zoetis. "Drawers and ice cubes in water bowls are great ways to cool down your furry companion. If you spend time outdoors, make sure your pet has access to shade and plenty of water. "
Nicole Ellis, certified professional dog trainer at Rover.com, adds that you do not have to do this if your dog requires a lot of exercise robbing her completely, just shorten her walks. "If you shave 10 minutes from your walk, they can wheeze and more easily cool off."
Unlike a person, your pet can not tell you that it feels bad, even if it feels bad dying (and sadly, pets will die from heat exhaustion) so be especially vigilant in hot weather.
"Some of the signs you should look for are wheezing, followed by disorientation and fast, loud breathing, light red or blue gums, and vomiting and diarrhea," Dr. Edge. "Some dog breeds – such as boxers, pugs, shih tzus, and other dogs and cats with short snouts – have much harder breathing in extreme heat."
If your pet shows signs of overheating, do not wait to get veterinary attention Edge says that "heat-related illnesses in pets can quickly become life-threatening without immediate treatment."
If your dog has a lot of exercise outdoors, also make sure that you examine the paws on upholstery burns.
"They can be extremely painful to your dog and require immediate medical attention," Dr. Edge. "Symptoms include limping, discolored bandages, excessive licking or biting of the feet, visible blisters or extreme redness, and missing parts of the pads. To avoid these burns, go with your dog on field or grass paths.
More summer safety tips
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