Large parts of the country are preparing for a major heatwave this week – or are already weathered. The temperatures threaten in some places below the 100-degree mark. If you live in an area where these extreme temperatures prevail, it is important to know how to keep yourself cool and healthy.
You need to know that in a heatwave, Dr. Laura Burke, Emergency Medicine in Beth Israel (19659003) Prevention is the Best Medicine
Burke recommends limiting strenuous outdoor activities and taking frequent breaks if it can not be avoided to stay indoors or in a cool place, plenty of water to drink and not to drink children and pets in hot cars, even for a short time.
"It's important that people drink regularly ̵
Know the signs of heat stroke
Heat stroke and heat exhaustion are two of the most common heat illnesses, and Burke says, both come with nonspecific symptoms such as nausea, weakness, profuse sweating, and headaches. But a major heat stroke that occurs when body temperature rises above 104 degrees and can be fatal or cause permanent organ damage comes with a pronounced hallmark. "Any kind of neurological symptoms [such as confusion or trouble speaking and thinking clearly] are really the deciding factor in a heat stroke," she says.
Because someone who suffers from these symptoms may not be aware of them independently, it is important to keep an eye on others. outside during a heatwave, and to bring her to a medical professional when they begin to show signs of confusion or neurological distress. Even if the problem has not reached this point, "If you feel uncomfortable in the heat, stay hydrated and move to a cooler place," says Burke. "If the symptoms persist or worsen, this would be an indication to see a doctor."
Knowing who is endangered
In extreme heat, everyone should be careful, but Burke says certain populations are particularly susceptible to heat. related disease. These groups include the elderly, who may have more health problems, as well as decreased thirst mechanisms, mobility and cognitive function; young children who do not sweat as much as adults have higher metabolic rates and may not be able to control their environment; Pregnant women who need more fluid to stay hydrated; and someone with an already existing health condition.
"Hospitalizations go in times of heat waves, and it's not just for things like heat stroke," Burke warns. "Other illnesses can also get worse and it's important that people with baseline vulnerability have others around them to help them during extreme heat spells."