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How Traumatic Brain Injuries Occur in Children Results in a New Study



Approximately 72% of emergency rooms related to traumatic brain injury in children are attributable to consumer goods, according to the study published Monday in the journal Brain Injury.

The study found that the top 10 leading products do not contribute to -fatal traumatic brain injury in children under 19:

The new study was based on national estimates of approximately 4.1 million non-fatal traumatic brain injuries for children and adolescents in the US between 2010 and 2013 The data came from the National Electronic Injury Monitoring System and the National Electronic Injury Monitoring Program – All Injuries.

The data showed that the most common product groups related to TBIs in children were associated with sports and leisure time, which was associated with 28.8% of injuries; Furnishings and fixtures associated with 1

7.2% of injuries; domestic structures and building materials associated with 17.1% of injuries; Devices for kindergartens that account for 2.7% of injuries, and toys that account for 2.4% of injuries, and other products that cause serious head injuries, "said Bina Ali, a researcher at the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation Maryland, who was the first author of the study.

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Traumatic Brain injuries from furnishings and fittings, mainly beds, were highest in infants and children up to age 4. While traumatic brain injuries from sports and leisure – especially football, bicycles, and basketball – occurred most frequently in children aged 5 to 19 years The main cause for their head injuries are furnishings and fittings, "said Ali.

"One interesting finding was that car seats are the fifth most common cause of traumatic head injury in infants," she said. "Car seats effectively protect infants from injury when used properly in the car, but sometimes car seats are also used outside the car as baby carriers, and if handled improperly they can present a risk."

For example, a car seat could be placed on a table or countertop with the risk of a fall and injury to the child.

The new study had some limitations, including the severity of these injuries, and the data included only patients admitted to emergency departments.

The researchers recommended strategies for preventing TBI in children in the home, including removing tripping hazards such as carpets; Improvement of lighting; Avoid playgrounds with a hard surface; Increasing use of home safety devices such as stair gates; The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have issued a series of guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and long-term care of children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury over the past year.

19659002] The guidelines require healthcare providers to routinely avoid imaging studies on children with mild TBIs, use age-appropriate symptom scales to diagnose concussion, assess risk factors suggestive of prolonged recovery, and the children and their parents Provide instructions on how to return to symptom-based activities and advise children to return gradually to exercise after no more than two or three days of rest.


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