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How was Apollo 11's Mission Control?



Kranz was the flight director during the Twin and Apollo missions (he is played in the movie "Apollo 13" by Ed Harris, who wears a happy white vest). And the return to "the room where it happened" – some controllers of the Apollo era now use the song "Hamilton" to refer to Mission Control – should have brought back good memories.

Instead, Wreath had to remove water bottles and water Empty recycle bins from the consoles after the tours. Yellow tape held the rug together. People had taken souvenirs from the consoles and buttons were missing. Over time, the younger generations thought that the ashtray holders, which were attached to the seats in the observation room, where once families of astronauts and dignitaries sat during missions, were for mobile phones.

Well, when Kranz goes back into the room, he feels 50 years younger. He wants to take off his coat, hang him on the stand where he always went, and get back to work. As he steps back into the room and looks at the consoles, Kranz says he can hear the voices that used to fill the room.

Voices like those of Chris Kraft, the chief of operations, who instructed astronaut Ed White to return to the Gemini 4 capsule on the first spacewalk. Others asked the Apollo 1

1 astronauts to deliver a reading about the program alert triggered during the moon landing. And he can still hear the Apollo 8 astronauts reading from the Book of Genesis on Christmas Eve.

  It's been 50 years since Apollo 8 joined a broken world.

At that time the air was covered with smoke. The cigar aroma was so strong that her wives thought they had been at the bar when they came home from work. Mission Control's air ducts were black with coal tar from the cigarettes and were replaced during the restoration.

The cigarette smoke mixed with the smell of coffee, which spilled out of the pot and burned on the plate at the door of the hall. It mingled with the smell of banana peel and empty boxes of fried chicken and pizza in the wastebasket.

"But this is our home, this is our mission control, it is the battlefield of space racing," Kranz said in his speech. "We won the race here, set records and brought back every crew we've started, and before we became a buzz word, we had the back of the crew and we were the teams who were proud of our team colors, beyond the missions." became brothers in one thing. It did not matter where we worked – in the control rooms, in the support staff, in the back rooms, in the simulators, in the bat cave or in the computing complex. It's our crusade, our pledge to President John F. Kennedy Jr. and the astronauts Ed White, Roger Chaffee and Gus Grissom. This room is our mission control.

Space Race Participation

Two men landed on the moon for the first time and a man circled it on July 20, 1969, but the full triumph of Apollo 11 also involved the 400,000 people As Kranz said, they did not all fit into the small space known as Mission Control.

"This room is the tip of an extremely large iceberg," said Bill Reeves, an air traffic controller who assisted the Lunar Module during the mission Reeves was in one of the staff quarters during the mission

Anyone who may have been called or called during the mission was in a room at Cape Canaveral or in Houston and everyone wanted to be there.

  Spencer Gardner, seen here in the first and fourth row from the right, was one of the youngest men in the room during the landing of A pollo 11.

"I think people do not see in movies that they not all parties see, "said Spencer Gardner, Apollo Flight Operations Officer. "We had people ready when we had to check something or do simulations before we gave the crew procedures." Gardner was 26 years old when he was sitting in the control room to the right of Kranz, and was often referred to as his "right man".

When Kennedy delivered his speech in May 1961 about reaching the moon before the end of The decade sparked a spark in people across the country. Young college graduates flocked to NASA, and the agency hired "every engineer who came in to the door," said Ed Fendell, instrumentation and communications officer at Apollo.

  Ed Fendell sits at his console.

GPAs and university names did not matter. "You wanted to know, did you graduate?" Said Glynn Luney, flight director in the programs Gemini and Apollo. "They have chosen to come here."

Jerry Bostick had accepted a job as a student to work for Boeing when a NASA recruiter convinced him of something else. He became a civil engineer at NASA's Langley Research Center, but quickly learned that he did not enjoy research at all. Bostick tried to join the manned space group when he came across Chris force.

"Why do you want to work for us?" Asked for strength.

"Well, unfortunately, I've learned that I'm not fit for research but want to work on real issues," Bostick said.

Kraft said, "Damn, set him in. Maybe we need someone to watch the moon."

Bostick became the head of the flight dynamics team, sitting in the front row at the headquarters. known as "the ditch". His team acted as ground pilots for manned spaceflights, tracking the spacecraft and calculating maneuvers.

  A look at mission control.

When he heard, Bill Carpentier was senior physician Kennedy's speech. He knew that he wanted to participate in this space race, but there was a problem – he lived and went to school in Canada. Carpentier secured an internship at a university hospital to embark on a path that would lead to NASA. They were looking for staff for their aerospace medicine team, and Carpentier was needed.

He became the Apollo 11 flight crew assigned aviation physician.

  Members of the Kennedy Space Center Government team rise from their consoles in the Launch Control Center and watch the Apollo 11 take off through a window.

During the Mercury program, the heart rate increased after the flight and blood pressure dropped, causing some astronauts to faint. There was a concern that longer space flights could lead to bigger problems.

NASA needed a flight doctor who flew with the underwater crew in the rescue helicopter to get the astronauts out of the sea after spraying. And if medical care was required, the flight doctor would have to jump into the water. He would also do the follow-up.

"For a young man, there is no better place in the world than there," he said. "Apart from being an astronaut, I had the best job in the country."

Mission Control from Cape to Houston

Years of hard work, tense moments, and the tragic failure of Apollo 1 led to Apollo 11. It was a time for all the young people who wanted to see through Kennedy's vision the excitement, but intense concentration.

"It was an attitude you can do," said Bostick. "We were very sober and gloomy in what we did, we took it very seriously, we worked very hard, but at the same time it was fun, we did not really consider it a job, even though we worked at least twelve hours during the day, six days a week, we did not understand the magnitude and the aspects of what we were doing. "

As a flight dynamics officer, Bostick had the kill switch on his console. If necessary, he could stop the start. But he has never taken the cover off the button. He did not want to bump it accidentally. He practiced how long it would take to remove the cover and pull the switch during the simulations. And Bostick was grateful he never really had to. It turned out how serious all her jobs really were.

  The Apollo 11 flight dynamics team included Jerry Bostick, who stood behind Philip Shaffer and David Reed.

Over the years, humans traveled back and forth between Cape Canaveral and Houston. They sat in the control center at the Cape and felt the launch under their feet. But the display system in Houston was better.

JoAnn Morgan, an instrumental controller and the only woman sitting in Apollo 11's shooting range at the Cape, said the tension was evident on the launch day.

"The room calmed down when the flight crew came out," she said. "We had a nice, quiet countdown, it was the end of a five-year intense job, but you are not relaxed until this last engine stop occurs, and for some people our jobs would end because Houston had control over them." Then we got ready for more launches. "

Things were just beginning in Houston – the rooms were full as the Apollo 11 crew approached the moon – anyone who could find a place to plug in a headset listened in. People were sitting on steps,

Every air traffic controller in the room remembers the tense cries as Armstrong navigated the lunar lander, had dangerously low fuel, and attempted to avoid landing on boulders – one might have heard a pin fall, say

"The last minutes before landing were a special time," said Gerry Griffin, Apollo Flight Director. "When they actually touched down, you could hear it or feel some relief."

Fendell, the To this day, admitting that he did not believe it would be possible to land a man on the moon until 1969, was so engrossed in the landing that he felt as if he were floating.

"If ic Looking back, it almost felt like I was floating. In other words, I was sitting in my chair, but I touched nothing because I was so fascinated by what I heard, "Fendell said, using his headset to hear the crew and about five other teams talking.

  Flight directors worked together throughout the Apollo program, with Apollo 13 flight directors (left to right) celebrating a successful launch with Gerald D. Griffin, Eugene F. Kranz and Glynn S. Lunney.

[19659043] There was still uncertainty about the stability of the lunar lunar module on the lunar surface, so there was no outbreak of the celebration, and the teams went on to the next phase of the mission reindeer, which the crew said. They monitored the conversation to make sure the astronauts had no problems. But they also enjoyed every minute that Aldrin and Armstrong described the moon.

"But even then, I do not think we've realized the enormity of what we've done, and that's regrettable," said Bostick. "It was years later when most of us looked back and said, 'Wow, did we really do that?'

Years later, Bostick asked Armstrong what he would have done if Houston had called for a rupture during the landing phase.

And he said, "Well, I probably would have said," Tell Houston again, I did not copy that. "And he would have, and he would have done it, that's the trust that I and the others involved in Neil Armstrong had, and he could do the impossible," Bostick said.

Splashdown

[19659002] Carpentier could see neither the launch nor the moon landing because he was in an aircraft carrier. His job was to save the crew when it was hosed down. He accepted Kennedy's message to see the men safely returning to their hearts and he was determined to see through them.

"My most important memory is watching them as they came out of the spaceship in their biological isolation gear and got into the rescue net they pulled onto the plane," Carpentier said. "I'll help them out of the rescue net, and I'll have a thumbs up, one, next, one thumbs up, second, one thumbs up, third, I'll remember that forever, I've breathed the most." A dramatic sigh of gratitude that has ever been awakened in human history. Because they have safely returned to earth. That was the goal.

  Apollo 11 Mission Control Celebrates Splashdown

Carpentier remained quarantined among the astronauts, performing blood tests and Gathering other samples to make sure they were healthy and learning more about the effects of human spaceflight, once they had been released from quarantine to make sure that no harmful bacteria had been brought back from the Moon, the Apollo went away -Astronauts on world tour.

  Carpentier, on the far left, goes into quarantine with the Apollo 11 astronauts.

Elsewhere, the teams that supported Apollo had a "damn good splashdown party" and continued a tradition that existed after everyone successful mission. The next day, they would plan another upcoming mission. It was the continuous cycle of the space race and the Apollo program.

  Lunar landing ceremonies in the mission control room.

Little time remained for the extent of what they had achieved to win for the Apollo teams. But it manifested in different ways.

The day after the landing, Fendell stopped for breakfast at a place on the way to work and bought a newspaper. The front page announced the moon landing.

  Fendell still has the newspaper.

Fendell drank coffee and waited for his food when two people were working at the gas station. The street came down. The two men talked.

One said, "You know, I've never been so proud of being an American as yesterday." The man talked about landing on Normandy Beach on D-Day. He said the feeling of pride about this event could not be compared to the moon landing.

"I remember it hit me like a wall," Fendell said. "Now I realized what we had done, I really did not understand it, because I was only dealing with people I had worked with, I had not talked to a bus driver, I had not spoken to my mother I did not talk to my uncle, I did not talk to the plumber or whatever, and then it really hit me, so I lost it, and I threw some money, got in the car, and started crying. "

Memory

" I think the landing of Apollo 11 on the Moon was the most technical and peaceful achievement of humanity, "Bostick said. "And I was fortunate enough to play a small part in being there and witnessing it, we did the impossible."

Griffin remembers talking to Glynn Lunney, a good friend and other flight directors, about how lucky they were. "Gerry, do you know that they paid us for it, if we could afford it, we would have paid them to be in that control center," Lunney said to Griffin by chance at the right time in the right place, "Griffin said

Many members of the Apollo team thought that NASA had landed on Mars or would continue to fly to the Moon.

"But we just scratched the surface and there's so much more to do there "Bostick said," I think our point of view should not be limited to how far our eyes can see, but just how far our minds can dream. "

The air traffic controllers who have been recovering in recent years from Apollo's Mission Control, hope the restoration works and the anniversary will renew a spark of interest in the American public, they want younger generations to do so in to push for the impossible, as they did 50 years ago.

  Spencer Gardner stands next to the newly restored mission control room in June 2019.

[19659043] "Many have abandoned us, and for the Apollo generation, our time is coming to an end quickly," said Kranz. "I pray that the room will continue to inspire and energize present and future teams to complete the work that has begun and to advance our nation to return to the moon and beyond."


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