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Home / World / Huawei builds 5G in Russia and China. This could be the beginning of the internet breach

Huawei builds 5G in Russia and China. This could be the beginning of the internet breach



While the success of the Chinese technology giants has done much to end this stance, this week a real limit has been drawn. Russia and China are driving the next generation of Internet technology, and this time it is the US who are in danger of being left behind.

At the heart of this divide is the Chinese company Huawei, the world's largest telecommunications supplier and undisputed leader in 5G networks. Washington has denied Huawei any involvement in US 5G networks, threatening to cut it off from US software and components needed for the smartphone and networking business.

Whether or not you buy from Huawei is increasingly becoming a political litmus test that threatens to exacerbate the splitting of the global Internet into separate areas and accelerate the decline of the open, truly global Web as we know it.

Those who avoid Huawei are in danger of defaulting as the world moves toward the next level of Internet and communications technology.

Huawei Dilemma

On Wednesday, Huawei signed a contract with Russia's largest telecommunications operator MTS for the development of 5G technologies and the launch of a fifth-generation network in Russia within the next year.
When China approved its first batch of 5G licenses for commercial use, the state media unveiled "a new era for the telecommunications industry." Huawei will be heavily involved in this effort and contribute to the more than 45 commercial 5G contracts it has completed in 30 countries around the world.

But that's not as many as it should be. The Finnish company Nokia has signed twelve new 5G contracts in the last two months, Huawei just three. This despite the fact that Huawei is considered by many in the industry as the world leader in 5G and is able to significantly undercut its competitors in pricing.

The Shenzhen-based company is at the forefront of the escalating trade war between the US and China. One of his top executives was jailed in Canada under US accusations, banned from the US market, and Washington has been pressuring its allies to take action against the company.

As countries evolve their 5G networks – enabling faster speeds, faster connections and faster access to the cloud – and strengthening technologies such as self-driving cars and smart cities – the gap is growing.

On the one hand, there are allies in Beijing who have no problem with Huawei, with Russia just the latest big example. On the other hand, there are Washington and a handful of his closest allies who swore to shut out the Chinese company.

However, a large number of countries remain in the center, most of which are traditionally closer to the US than China, but unwilling to accept the delays and additional costs of building their 5G networks, the the ban on Huawei's role. The US is already lagging behind China in 5G, and blocking the market leader is not helping to fill that gap.

That does not mean that the US can not overtake and eventually overtake China. but it will probably be a fight.

The worst scenario for many observers is that this gulf is solidifying, forcing governments to choose sides and establish a next generation Internet divide between China and the US.
"Mutually exclusive technological areas do not simply mean that supply chains are reflected on different continents," wrote technology analyst Tim Culpan recently. "For countries around the world, it means that any business and investment decision becomes a political decision."

Splinternet

The vision of the Internet as an open and shared platform on which technology and standards cross borders and evolve in a globalized way is one that has always been a guiding light rather than an actual reality.

But in recent years, the tensions between the conception and presentation of the Internet and its actual existence have grown. As the authors of a report to the Center for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) recently wrote, the open internet is "a fragile and random construction of hardware, software, standards and databases controlled by a variety of private and public actors, their behavior is limited only by voluntary protocols. "

This fragility has only become more obvious. Under China's leadership, more and more countries are turning against the principle of the open Internet and adopting Beijing's doctrine of cyber-sovereignty, in which governments rigorously monitor the boundaries of their own Internet networks, strengthen their own tech companies and force international competitors to do their bidding Locate data and make it available to domestic security agencies.

This had a significant impact on the global freedom of the Internet as Chinese-built censorship and surveillance spread throughout the world and Beijing sought to reduce international protection for online language and organization.
Last year, former Google CEO Eric Schmidt called for a split that would divide the world into "a China-led Internet and an America-led non-Chinese Internet."

For a long time, this trend has been driven by Beijing, which has been happy to export technology and know-how to help countries set up their own, strictly controlled Internet, or to block a free and open Internet in Russia's case ,

With its campaign against Huawei, Washington has now accelerated this split as well.

This could affect the company from which a particular 5G network is built or how censored domestic Internet is. Dividing the Internet into two or more areas could also create different standards and regulations – think Android compared to iOS, but far more extreme – making it harder to communicate internationally or move between systems.

Lightning fast 5G nets were predicted to bring us closer and closer. The Huawei divide could mean that it forces us apart.


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