United Nations – Nuclear weapons are easier to get than ever, and this means new risks as more and more countries seek to develop their programs.
"In general, the nuclear weapons technology to be developed 19459006 is an old, 70-year-old tradition, and then much progress has been made in technology," said Yukiya Amano, Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). "You can get the information, you can get the material, the training, they are available."
The nuclear weapons club has remained small; Only a few countries have mature programs. But Amano, the so-called Nuke boss of the world, warns that "the present environment" makes it easier for countries to multiply ".
"This is one of the reasons why we need to step up our activities to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and to check that all materials and equipment remain for a peaceful purpose," he said.
The IAEA was founded in 1957 and is charged with promoting the safe and peaceful use of nuclear technology and preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Amano, a Japanese diplomat who became head of the Nuclear Watchdog Agency in 2009, gave a reassuring note in a comprehensive interview with CBS News: The threat "does not keep me awake at night … The IAEA is doing its job . "
So Amano sees the state of nuclear technology in three major countries: North Korea, Iran and Saudi Arabia.
North Korea's Nuclear Program Continues
Decade of North Korea's "Nuclear Program Has Been Broadened Significantly."
"Over the past year, activities have been continued or developed in some facilities," he said.
His comments come after warnings from South Korean officials and independent analysts that, with US efforts to negotiate the "complete denuclearization" of the Kim regime, North Korea has rebuilt its primary long-range rocket test site and also operates its nuclear facility.
The North has explicitly warned that it could resume nuclear and long-range missile testing.
Amano said that the IAEA is "the only international organization that can verify and monitor denuclearization in an impartial, independent, and objective manner," but with the US talks – the only genuine dialogue with North Korea – going nowhere, there was little hope that inspectors could soon enter the isolated country.
Amano has always stated that the IAEA is ready and able to send an inspection team to the country. "within a few weeks," if an agreement should be reached.
Iran keeps Nuke Deal
"cautious," Amano said of the international agreement that left the Trump Administration unilaterally last year.
All other parties to the agreement were negotiated by former President Barack Obama. Iran, Russia, China, France, Germany, Britain and the European Union are still trying to keep them alive.
Under the 2015 Agreement, Iran agreed to curtail its nuclear program against sanctions. The IAEA has consistently said that Iran adheres to since the agreement was agreed, and it confirmed to CBS News on Tuesday that "the agency's inspectors had access to all sites and locations in Iran they needed to visit." 19659002] Mr. Trump had beaten the deal for a long time as too generous for Tehran. He pulled the US out for that reason – the White House never said that Tehran violated the agreement.
"So far they are implementing the agreement," Amano said of Iran. He noted that the US is "a very important country, so it has (the US withdrawal) impact."
Saudi Arabia's Nuclear Weapons Supply
Saudi Arabia seeks to join the Nuclear Energy Community Rapid economic development has left it starving for power. The Kingdom is currently reviewing offers from international companies to build its first two nuclear reactors, but is currently not meeting the strictest international nuclear regulatory standards. This is a problem according to experts and the IAEA.
The Trump administration has apparently sought to promote and secure the construction of a Saudi nuclear program for a US company. The White House has said that if the US does not get the treaty, a country that has a lesser interest in ensuring a demonstrably secure and legal nuclear program could get it instead.