قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Science / IBM Q's Dr. Roberto Sutor explains the state of the quantum computing industry

IBM Q's Dr. Roberto Sutor explains the state of the quantum computing industry



Pour lire cet article en français, cliquez ici.

C2 Montreal is a three-day conference exploring the trends, disruptions, breaks, and new avenues in business and creativity through inspiring talks, experimental brainstorming, masterclasses, workshops, braindates, and many artistic performances.

During the conference, I had the chance to meet the brilliant and passionate Dr. Robert Sutor, R & D Executive Responsible for the IBM Q Program Leadership for Quantum Computing, just before his talk at the Quantum Leap conference on the event's main stage.

Dr. Sutor is currently the Vice President at IBM Q Strategy and Ecosystem, IBM Research and IBM Corporation, Yorktown Heights, New York. He is a leader and technologist with over 30 years of experience in various technologies, such as quantum computing, AI, blockchain, analytics, data science, and cloud.


What is quantum computing?

Quantum computing (QC) is not a replacement for classical computing; It helps to solve some problems. As an example, take the amount of information natural stores in a single caffeine molecule. It's not a very large molecule. Imagine your cup of coffee or tea, there are billions or trillions of caffeine molecules in there, and I'm just going to take one of them.

There are algorithms that are designed to be more powerful, on the order of hundreds of millions of qubits. Search hardware does not exist yet.

The amount of information needed to describe this would be 1

0 to the 48 bits. In comparison, the number of atoms in the earth is estimated to be 10 to the 49th, or 10 to the 50th. So. in theory, for the one single caffeine molecule, you would need a number of bits of the entire planet. That's not going to happen with classical computers. However, consider the largest quantum computers we currently have at IBM. These are 50 qubits – the basic computational unit in QC. You could represent that same caffeine molecule's energy in 160 qubits exactly. And we're already at 50 now.

If all goes well, we'll get to 160 and beyond into the 1000s and 10,000s of qubits. As we get more and more powerful machines, we'll make ready to make calculations with other chemicals, molecules, maybe drugs for healthcare, or brand new materials. Those are just examples. There are other applications in AI, in finance, or in general optimization, too.

The entire IBM Q team is developing the complete system and the hardware, in addition to whatever software is needed. We're at the point where the machines are now usable.

There's the whole ecosystem part. It's not just a question of building the technology and hoping people wants to use it, so we have to make it available. 2 years ago, we put that first 5 qubit machine, and then later 16 qubit machine on the web. We want people to have access to it. Since that time, we've had 85,000 runs over 4.4 million experiments. In addition to building this exciting new technology, we also ensure people can access it.

QC initiates a new era of chemistry! But it wants to be more and more across a broader range of areas. If you're studying QC now, you want to become a workforce in the 2020s, whether you're a software engineer or a scientist. This is a great time to learn.

Will quantum computing one day replace traditional computing entirely? Or should both exist in parallel?

That will probably be hundreds of years from now. We think of quantum computers working together with classical computers. If we're successful, QC wants to solve some problems in a few seconds.

At the time you need this sort of computational power for certain tasks, you'll call to a quantum computer, you'll get the results back, and you'll go on with your life using your classical computer.

Moore's law alive?

It's not exactly comparable. The problem with Moore's Law is that when you go down to the chip level, you can only go so small. You start getting weird electronic interference because the parts are too close together. However, when we think of the effects of computers on society, the fact that computers have been more powerful and more interesting has become more common.

QC is fundamentally built on quantum mechanics, which is a very strange area of ​​physics.

We, as a human society, rely on computers to give major advances. With Moore's Law, your question might be phrased as' we are done, we do not want to see any more. Well, I do think that QC wants to keep giving some of those possibilities.

There is a long history to this because QC is fundamentally built on quantum mechanics, which is a very strange area of ​​physics.

That goes back to 1900s. There were great arguments in the 1930s between Einstein and other physics about this, there are spiritual arguments about the meaning of quantum mechanics in the universe. Going back to the caffeine example. When we can not, in all our wisdom, create a computer to do it. Something else must be going on. So there are scientific and philosophical aspects to this. There are algorithms that are designed to be more powerful, on the order of hundreds of millions of qubits. Search hardware does not exist yet.

What is your main focus for the next few years?

I've been working on this for 35 years and this is the coolest thing I've ever worked on! You know, when you're in business, you're always introducing the new models, the next version. But how often do you get a brand new technology?

This is, in every possible way, different.

Feature photo via Twitter My wish for the next years is to see more and more people using it. !


Source link