According to the US Space Agency, ice was confirmed at the poles on the moon.
NASA said the lunar mineralogistics mapper data confirmed the discovery. The mapper was transported from the space probe Chandrayaan-1 of the Indian Space Research Organization to the moon.
The investigation was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America entitled "Direct Evidence of Surface Exposure of Water Ice in the Lunar Polar Regions."
"We found direct and definitive evidence for surface water ice in Iceland the polar regions of the Moon, "said the research team.
"The abundance and distribution of ice on the moon is different from that of other airless bodies in the inner solar system, such as Mercury and Ceres, which can be associated with the unique development and evolution of our moon This resource shows the distribution of surface ice at the south pole (left) and north pole (right) of the moon, which were discovered by NASA's lunar mineralogy Mapper instrument.
Before the mapper's data arrived, the researchers endeavored to find direct evidence of water ice on the surface of the moon.
"Before our work, there is no direct evidence that there is water ice on the surface of the moon," said lead author Shuai Li, a planetary scientist at the University of Hawaii in Manoa, opposite Scientific American. He said that many earlier claims about water on the moon were indeed hydrogen-enriched, bone-dry minerals on the surface of the moon.
The data showed that the water ice is trapped and accumulates in regions of the moon that are permanently shaded, researchers have added.
"Most of the newly found water ice lies in the shadow of the craters near the poles, where the warmest temperatures never reach above minus 250 degrees Fahrenheit, and because of the very small inclination of the moon's axis of rotation, sunlight never reaches those regions", such as NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
The southern polar region on the moon has more ice than the northern region because it has more shaded regions. 19659012] A model of the Chandrayaan-1 will be exhibited on October 22, 2008 at a press conference at the Satish Dhawan Space Center, following the successful launch of the Indian spacecraft Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C11 with India's first lunar probe Chandrayaan.
The researchers said further research should provide more information about ice accumulation.
But NASA noted that the results show that the water could be used by future missions to the moon.
With enough ice on the surface – in the upper few millimeters – water could possibly be explored as a resource for future expeditions and even remain on the moon and possibly more accessible than the water that was discovered beneath the surface of the moon ", said the space agency.
"It is necessary to know if there is ice on the surface to extract it," said Angel Abbud-Madrid, director of the Center for Space Resources Colorado School of Mines, added to Business Insider. "This is another step closer to exploring the moon and showing how accessible its ice is."