LONDON – Alongside the explicit desire to "take back control of their money and their laws", there is deep concern Immigration led to the Brexit vote in 2016 – the historically courageous or spectacularly ruthless decision Choose whether Britain wants to part with the European Union.
But in the two years since the referendum, something remarkable happened: the British listened so much to foreigners.
Pollsters have discovered a heightening of immigration attitudes expressed both by those who voted to quit the European bloc and those who voted to stay.
"I've been studying this for years, and that's never been such a big step in such a short time," said Rob Ford, professor of politics at the University of Manchester.
The shift shows how much Issue one year, one yawn the next, and there could be an indication of what the public will support as Prime Minister Theresa May tries to sell the withdrawal agreement she negotiated with the EU. Officials and Their Plans for What Comes Next.
In return for complying with Brussels' trade rules, May promises the British people that they will lower the country's immigration after Brexit, the 3 million Europeans already in The United Kingdom may stay, but the government will set new guidelines for how many foreigners will be allowed to enter the country in the future with which income and from which countries.
Marathon meeting in Parliament on Thursday, May, emphasized that their Brexit plan would end the days when everyone in the European Union would simply move to London, rent an apartment, take a job and participate in the National Health Plan could.
"Free movement will come to an end," May said. "I think that is one of the key elements of the referendum vote, which we must ensure we deliver to the British people."
May has promised to reduce total immigration from 100,000 to 10,000 annually. and preferring the highly-qualified, earning "best and brightest" to the low-skilled, low-paid workers who are currently harvesting cleaning hotel rooms, and nurses in Britain.
But the question arises: Does May look into the rearview mirror while the public has largely moved?
In the days leading up to the Brexit vote, amid growth of migration from the Middle East to Europe and North Africa, and while the booming British economy attracted a large wave of workers from Eastern Europe, pollster YouGov found that 56 Percent of respondents call "immigration and asylum" the country's main problem. Last month, it was 27 percent.
A second major company, Ipsos-MORI, reported a similar decline in respondents who see immigration as "the most important issue facing Britain today" – from 48 percent in June 2016 to 17 percent in October 2018.
This is an extraordinary slump, survey experts say – and it is reflected in parallel surveys and focus group studies conducted for academics, stakeholders and the European Union.
"It's really very noticeable," said Lindsay Richards, a sociologist at the University of Oxford who wrote on The Migration Observatory, an independent research group.
The Manchester University Ford said that before the Brexit vote, people ranked immigration as a top concern, mirroring anti-immigrants against sentiment, not worried about how asylum seekers in Europe are treated.
"I have records where you can literally literally see the spoken word. In all the chapters, people write, TOO MANY IMMIGRANTS, OR TOO MANY EUROPEANS, OR WHY CAN NOT THE IMMIGRANTS STOP IT? over and over, "Ford said." It's no secret which side they're on. "
Great Britain still has high immigration rates. However, migration from North Africa to Europe has fallen to pre-increase levels. Net migration from the E.U. The UK reached a peak of around 189,000 the year before the Brexit vote. The latest figures show it is 87,000, which means it has been more than halved in two years.
Surveys still find broad support for reducing the total number of newcomers. Surveys also show that respondents disagree on whether immigration – and multiculturalism – is good or bad for British culture.
But since the Brexit vote less people say pollsters say that there are too many immigrants in the UK. Brits have also become more positive about the ideas that "immigration is good for the economy" and that Britain "should allow more EU workers. "
" All polls seem to lessen the milder – people are less negative, essentially in every move you demand, "said Anthony Wells, YouGov's director of political and social opinion polls.
Richards said it was particularly important that the views of "residents" and "exiles" on immigration have eased – even if the pages on Brexit are bitterly divided.
Although there is broad consensus that immigrants' attitudes toward immigration have changed, no one has put their finger on it
Pollsters say that current concerns over Brexit (now in surveys with the National Health Service, the greatest concern), which may have replaced or absorbed previous fears of immigration.
Others point to a change in the news and social media landscape with far fewer front pages depicting immigrants as work-robbing fraudsters.
During Their Campaign, Brexiteers Called Voters to "Take Back Control" An encouraging sentence that includes the ideas of regaining lost authority in terms of immigration and sovereignty in a single stroke is one of the other drivers of the Brexit no confidence.
There were also more obvious appeals to arouse the immigrants against microorganisms. targeted ads on Facebook and mass media campaigns.
Vote Leave, the official group advocating for Brexit, falsely claimed that Turkey would join the EU, and that Turkish gangsters who made a strike would be the new neighbors.
Nigel Farage The Chairman of the British Independence Party Brexit presented a poster with Syrian and other asylum seekers, who marched through Eastern European areas in addition to the motto "Breaking Point".
In the months leading up to the Brexit vote, British tabloids spilled stories on their front pages with headlines such as "Migrant Rob Young Britons of Jobs," "Migrant Workers Swamp Britain," and "Workers Are Fired Because They're British."
According to the researcher, over a six-year period beginning in 2010, more than 179 migration stories were covered on the front page and 122 were reported on the Daily Mail.
George Osborne, the former Minister of Finance who camped for the UK To stay in the EU, the BBC recently said the Conservative Party's campaign had not done enough to promote the benefits of European immigration.
But two years on and the public space is no longer dominated by fears of Britain overwhelmed by migrants, but by concerns about how Brexit could undermine life and harm the economy, especially if Britain is in a no-deal- " Doomsday scenario "crashes from Europe.
The largest immigration history since the Brexit vote I have something to do with the EU workers or migrants from the Middle East and North Africa. It was about the "Windrush Generation", legally brought to Britain from the Commonwealth countries in the Caribbean to help rebuild Britain after World War II, only to question its legal status decades later by the British authorities ,
In the Brexit News, E.U. Migrants who usually tell stories of how Britain could lose European citizens working as berry pickers, baristas and nurses at the National Health Service.
"People recognize that there are tradeoffs," said Jonathan Portes. Professor of Economics and Politics at King's College London. "There is greater realism in media coverage and public debate."
Rosie Carter, a high-ranking political collaborator of the Hope Not Hate group, said when her organization offered an anonymous online survey, the self-selected, non-randomized respondents could be from 1 to 10 (very negative to very positive) choose to describe their feelings about immigration. The majority chooses either 1 or 10 – which means that they have gone to extremes, which many people experience through social media. 19659039] But when the group hired professional pollsters to conduct a representative sample, they found that most Britons are "balancers" who see the duelist "pressure and gain" of immigration.
YouGov's Wells wonders how much opinion changes Immigration has something to do with how the tribes of Brexit want to think of "exit" and "remaining".
About half of voters who identify themselves as deceased can defend their position by advocating Brexit even more with a pro-immigrant stance, Wells said. The withdrawals on the other hand are hostile to the proposal that they have removed from the European bloc for migrants, which was considered a bigoted or even racist position.
"I assume that this is a Brexit and a connection How people now see themselves, how people identify, said Wells.
Those who oppose Brexit claim that a gentler stance on immigration should support their call for a second referendum and argue that citizens have changed their minds about a core issue. Why not organize a "referendum" before signing off with May's Brexit deal?
A second referendum, however, is rejected by the prime minister, who says he is anti-democratic. A coup is only half-heartedly accepted by the opposition Labor Party, whose leaders are worried about losing the working-class supporters who want Brexit.
While people reject immigration less than two years ago, the majority still wants to cut numbers, said Kully Kaur-Ballagan, research director for the Ipsos-MORI survey.
"If that does not happen," she said, "it could reappear as a problem."