The fault lines are most easily recognized by the witnesses summoned to testify at open hearings: Taylor, Kent and Yovanovitch attended the first public hearings of the Democrats last week. among other. The Republicans have meanwhile requested nine more witnesses, only a few of which were greened by the majority, including Volker, National Security Council official Tim Morrison, and Trump's appointed David Hale.
Several of the witnesses have offered contradictory representations or interpretations of specific events, which makes it sometimes difficult to make a conclusive judgment on who is right. Listed below are some of the best-known examples that distinguished the main witnesses:
A White House meeting on July 1
A meeting in John Bolton's office with two Ukrainian officials – leading Zelensky consultant Andriy Yermak and National Security Advisor Oleksandr Danyliuk, which included former NSC officials Fiona Hill, Vindman, Sondland and Volker, has become a focal point of the impeachment investigation because it underpinned the suspicion of White House officials that a shadow policy was persecuting Ukraine was to advance Trump's political goals to Hill and Vindman's testimonies.
Bolton and his deputy Charles Kupperman have so far refused to testify.
Kupperman had asked a federal judge to settle the lawsuit between the legislature and the executive, but his suit was cited as being time-constrained when Congress withdrew its subpoena for him.
Meanwhile, their joint lawyer Chuck Cooper told lawmakers that Bolton "knows many relevant meetings and discussions that have not been discussed in the statements yet", but will only testify when a federal judge settles the dispute between them Congress and the White House.
Both Hill and Vindman informed legislators that Bolton had broken off the meeting when Sondland began discussing specific investigations that Ukraine would have to initiate to meet with Trump. However, Sondland continued the discussion in a later debriefing at the White Room Ward Room Bolton was absent. Taylor also said that Hill and Vindman informed him in a phone call on July 19 about the meeting in Bolton's office and about Sondland's mention of an investigation.