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In California, 100% energy will be clean by 2045. What about the rest of the world?




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With 43 to 32 votes, the California State Assembly has approved a measure that requires all energy used in the sunshine state to come from renewable sources by 2045 Currently, 44% of energy is already available, 9% comes from nuclear energy, 34% from natural gas and 13% from coal and other hydrocarbons.

What is particularly interesting about California's approach is the fact that most people forget : Renewables are technologies, not fuels, so their prices are based on the experience curve As with the Swanson Act, when the number of solar modules doubled, the price drops by 28% and its efficiency goes up The point is that solar energy has already been converted into the cheapest form of available energy production, and that can only get cheaper

Renewable energy is cheap, but the downside is the availability.The sun does not shine at night, and sometimes there is no wind. The only way to solve this problem is to increase the storage capacity of batteries, which are mainly used because of their price only in a small number of institutions in the world. At current prices, forecasts predict that by 2040, only 3% of the world's energy will be stored there.

Again, it is important to know that the batteries are a technology and therefore subject to their manufacture to the same types of economies as solar panels, which allow us to anticipate a battery revolution, some of which already benefit. The gigafactories that Tesla and some Chinese companies are building take into account the learning curve derived from the experiential curve and provide for battery price cuts as the number of batteries produced increases due to the demand for domestic storage or electric vehicles, which account for the fact that these costs have already fallen by 80% in the last ten years. At these prices, replacing power plants that burn hydrocarbons with renewable energy and batteries will not only help protect the environment and fight climate change, but from a purely economic point of view, it will be the best option.

To plan the future, we must consider the whole equation, taking into account all the elements involved. The production of more batteries depends on the demand and the demand depends on the usage. Achieving the end of the combustion engine will require the sale of many more electric vehicles, which means much higher battery production, so we can achieve economies of scale and learn and lower prices. This is what California is pursuing by making the installation of solar modules mandatory in all new homes built after 2020: not only to lower the price of solar panels, but also to promote the installation of household batteries in these homes, as it does currently happens as distributed battery systems when conditions require it. Australia has also started a similar plan for its public housing program with the installation of solar cells and batteries in 50,000 homes within four years.

California knows that its goal of producing 1

00% of its energy from renewable sources could be achieved earlier than 2045, thanks to increased demand for electric vehicles or solar cells and batteries for new homes. That would allow the state, the third largest and most populous in the United States and with a GDP that is twice Spain's, to obey Hawaii's leadership. A benchmark for the rest of the world in the fight against climate change at a similar level to Norway.

There is a lot at stake here. In the beginning we all need to be up to date on the state of energy production and accept that the future could be different if we do what we need to do and stop denying the reality.

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By 43 votes to 32, the California State Assembly has approved a measure that requires all solar energy in the sun state to come from renewable sources by 2045. Currently, 44% of energy is already available, 9% of which comes from nuclear, 34% natural gas and 13% coal and other hydrocarbons.

What is particularly interesting about the California approach is the fact that most people forget: Renewables are technologies, not fuels, and therefore their prices are subject to the experience curve . As with the Swanson Act, this means that each time the number of solar modules produced doubles, the price drops by 28% and its efficiency goes so far that solar energy has already been converted into the cheapest form of available power generation, but cheaper [19659002] Renewable energy is cheap but the downside is availability. The sun does not shine at night, and sometimes there is no wind. The only way to solve this problem is to increase the storage capacity of batteries, which are mainly used because of their price only in a small number of institutions in the world. At current prices, forecasts predict that by 2040, only 3% of the world's energy will be stored there.

Again, it is important to know that the batteries are a technology and therefore subject to their manufacture to the same types of economies as solar panels, which allow us to anticipate a battery revolution, some of which already benefit. The gigafactories that Tesla and some Chinese companies are building take into account the learning curve derived from the experiential curve and provide for battery price cuts as the number of batteries produced increases due to the demand for domestic storage or electric vehicles, which account for the fact that these costs have already dropped by 80% in the last ten years. At these prices, replacing power plants that burn hydrocarbons with renewable energy and batteries will not only help protect the environment and fight climate change, but from a purely economic point of view, it will be the best option.

To plan the future, we must see the whole equation, taking into account all the elements involved. The production of more batteries depends on the demand and the demand depends on the usage. Achieving the end of the combustion engine will require the sale of many more electric vehicles, which means much higher battery production, so we can achieve economies of scale and learn and lower prices. This is what California is pursuing by making the installation of solar modules mandatory in all new homes built after 2020: not only to lower the price of solar panels, but also to promote the installation of household batteries in these homes, as it does currently happens as distributed battery systems when conditions require it. Australia has also started a similar plan for its public housing program with the installation of solar cells and batteries in 50,000 homes within four years.

California knows that its goal of producing 100% of its energy from renewable sources could be achieved earlier than 2045, thanks to increased demand for electric vehicles or solar cells and batteries for new homes. That would allow the state, the third largest and most populous in the United States and with a GDP that is twice Spain's, to obey Hawaii's leadership. A benchmark for the rest of the world in the fight against climate change at a similar level to Norway.

There is a lot at stake here. First of all, we must all be up to date on the state of energy production and accept that the future could be different if we do what we have to do and stop denying the reality.


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