The relations between Turkey and Russia are cozy and create a potentially critical gap in the NATO alliance in the West. But the Turkish president could strike a balancing act and tactically turn to Russia, as relations with the US continue to deteriorate as a result of the detention of an American pastor.
President Donald Trump tweeted this month that relations between the US and Turkey are not good this time! "and announced tariff increases for the NATO allies, which resulted in a fall in the Turkish currency." Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan phoned Russian President Vladimir Putin the same afternoon as they engaged in more defense and energy cooperation and trade promised
The change of partners is becoming a familiar dance for the strategically located Turkey Asia and Europe and often trapped in the geopolitical push and pull of the turbulent Middle East region. "Despite the economic vulnerability of his country, Erdogan seemed to signal that it had alternatives to the traditional alliances that derive from its role in the Cold War as a regional bulwark against Soviet power.
In the eyes of Turkey, the US has become even more threatening Englisch: www.germnews.com/archive/eng/news_2006.html. 1
Issues between the US and Turkey include US military support for Kurdish militants in Syria terrorists by Turkey; Turkey calls on the US to extradite Fethullah Gülen, a Muslim cleric accusing Turkey of having planned a failed coup of 2016; and US pastor Andrew Brunson, who is being prosecuted for terrorist allegations in Turkey.
A lever in the diplomatic maneuver of Turkey is the pledge to buy a Russian S-400 ground-to-air missile defense system year. US and NATO Representatives Say the Russian System Collides with NATO Equipment and Could Lead to Security Violations
Trump signed a defense bill this month that would delay the delivery of F-35 fighters to Turkey. Separately, the US president has criticized NATO allies for paying more for their defense and relying less on American support.
Koc University Aktork said missile trading with Russia makes sense as Western allies have sometimes suspended military agreements with Turkey (19659003) Meanwhile, Russia and Turkey have come a long way since the Turkish military launched a Russian military jet in 2015 Erdogan and Putin have met at least eleven times since August 2016. The excesses of frequent contact between the two regional powers include the resumption of a gas pipeline agreement by Turkey and Russia's plans to build a nuclear power plant in Turkey. 19659003] The rapprochement "shows a remarkable degree of pragmatism in this respect", Anna Arutunyan, a Moscow-based senior analyst for the Internati (19659003) "The prospect of a friendly NATO member is very valuable for Moscow," said Arutunjan because it wants to strengthen its influence in the Middle East. "Turkey is a good way to do that, and Syria was a good way to do it."
Russia, along with Iran, supports Syrian President Bashar Assad in his country's long war. Turkey supports some groups fighting against Assad. Despite their support for the opposing sides, the two countries work together.
Turkey has renounced the immediate resignation of the Syrian president, while Russia allows Turkey to conduct cross-border operations against Kurdish militants in Syria. Turkey has urged Russia to protect Assad from a comprehensive offensive against the last major rebel fortress in Idlib province on the border with Turkey.
"Russia and Turkey need each other in the Syrian context and the relationship is much more robust," said Aaron Stein, senior fellow of the Atlantic Council in the US. But he believes that Russia will prevail and that Turkey will bring the rebels under control through reconciliation.
Even though Putin and Erdogan find refuge in Syria, their interests continue northwards in the Black Sea, and have since become the scene of conflict between the Russian and Ottoman imperial days. Russia's war with Georgia a decade ago, its annexation of the Crimea in 2014 and ongoing military intervention in Ukraine have challenged Turkish influence and position in the Black Sea.
Russia's move led Erdogan to warn NATO of the Black Sea in 2016. The Turkish Sea under the Ottomans became a "Russian Sea." NATO now maintains a "tailor-made presence" with expanded land, air, and naval capabilities.
"Russia's expansion makes the NATO alliance more and more important for Turkey in the Black Sea, "the Crisis Group said in a June report, noting that Ankara is reversing a decades-long policy of defending the Western military alliance from the region.
Turkey's position on the Black Sea points to what Aktork is described as co-existent "a la carte alliances" in which the Turkish government moves between Russia and the West depending on what is at stake.
This makes it difficult to know if Turkey is heading for Mosc They will be in a region of shifting loyalty and periodic crises, but it's been a remarkable turnaround in the three years since Putin's launch of the Russian jet as " Stitch in the back "has designated.