WASHINGTON – A new US intelligence assessment of global threats has revealed that North Korea is unlikely to abandon its nuclear reserves and Iran is currently taking no steps to build a bomb President Trump's foreign policy initiatives.
These conclusions are part of an annual Worldwide Threat Assessment, published Tuesday. She also emphasized the growing cyberthreat from Russia and China, which, according to him, is "more aligned since the middle than ever before" 19509002. "
The 42-page report on threats revealed that US trade policy and" unilateralism "- central themes of Mr. Trump's "America First" approach ̵
Dan Coats, National Intelligence Director, told the legislators that the Islamic State in Syria would continue to "incite violence". He was supported by the written review that said there were thousands of fighters in Iraq and Syria and a dozen Islamic state networks around the world.
Last month, Mr. Trump said, "We won against ISIS, we beat them, and we beat them badly," announcing the withdrawal of American troops from Syria.
The most glaring contradiction of the intelligence chiefs was their assessment of North Korea.
Trump is expected to meet Kim Jong-un, the North Korean leader, next month in a second round of direct negotiations to free Pyongyang from its nuclear weapons. After his recent meeting in Singapore, Trump tweeted that "there is no more nuclear threat from North Korea".
Mr. Coats described his concerns in reverse.
He cited "some activities that are incompatible with complete denuclearization," adding that what has been dismantled by North Korea is largely reversible. He said that "Northern leaders consider nuclear weapons as critical to the survival of the regime." Ability and it is unlikely that it will completely give up its nuclear weapons and production capability. "
Mr. Trump has often stated that North Korea has suspended rocket tests; The last big test was 14 months ago. But on Tuesday, Gina Haspel, the C.I.A. The director said the Pyongyang government pledged to "develop a nuclear-armed long-range missile that would pose a direct threat to the United States."
Haspel said it was encouraging that North Korea communicated with the United States. Speaking to Senator Kamala Harris, the Californian Democrat, who announced her candidacy for the presidential election this month Ms. Haspel said the diplomatic target still insists that North Korea fully disclose and dismantle its nuclear program.
About Iran Mr Coats cited Tehran's continued support for terrorism in Europe and the Middle East, including support for Houthis in Yemen and Shiite militants in Iraq. He also said that he believed that Iranian hardliners would continue to fight the rivals of the centers.
But one of Mr Trump's main claims – Iran cheated on the spirit of the 2015 nuclear deal, even if it temporarily came after its terms – Mr Coats said that Tehran had followed the agreement even after the president announced in May that the United States would withdraw from there.
However, he added that Iranian authorities" publicly threatened to push the boundaries of the nuclear deal "if they did not see the promised benefits, including a resumption of oil sales and an end American sanctions on his financial transactions around the world.
Mr. Trump described the nuclear deal as "flawed" and warned that Iran would "buy the most dangerous weapons in the world" if it stayed in its place The agreement is still largely supported by European capitals.
Senator Angus King, the independent Maine who talks to Democrats, directly asked Ms Haspel if Iran was still compatible with the nuclear agreement.
She said it was added However, he added that Iranian leaders are considering steps that would "reduce" compliance with the agreement  "They are making some preparations that would improve their ability to take a step back when making that decision," Ms. Haspel said. "So right now they are technically compliant, but we see them debating with each other because they have not realized the economic benefits they had hoped for from the deal." Trump on North Korea's continuing nuclear activity, the strength of the Islamic State, and Russia's attempts to influence the elections. Mr. Trump has often been annoyed with the opinions that he runs counter to his worldview.
April F. Doss, a former Attorney General of the National Security Agency, said it was unsurprising that the intelligence services were wrongly staking the facts with the view of the administration, as the recent national intelligence strategy has blamed espionage agencies for "the truth to power. "
The intelligence chiefs emphasized "the obligation to analyze the intelligence services in a way that is not objective but objective partisan agendas," said Ms. Doss, now partner of the law firm Saul Ewing Arnstein & Lehr.
Mr. Trump came with spy agencies on the conclusion that Russia was behind the hacking and influential actions of the presidential election of 2016. On Tuesday, new director of Cyber Command, General Paul Nakasone, told the Senate committee that the US efforts to interfere Although he did not set out any details – an effort that Mr. Trump never gave Russia
much of the hearing was focused on cyberthreat from Russia, and especially from China, according to the written report now are capable of effective cyberattacks against the American infrastructure r perform. In Beijing, Beijing's ability to cut natural gas pipelines was particularly emphasized.
Legislators discussed the challenges of new technologies in China, Russia and other countries.
"We are now living in a new age, at a time characterized by hybrid warfare, disinformation destroyed by weapons, all in the context of a world where more data is generated than humanity has ever seen," said Senator Richard M. Burr, Republican of North Carolina and Chairman of the Committee.
Foreign enemies "wanting" See that the United States is weakened, if not destroyed, "he said." They want us to leave our friends and allies They want us to reduce our global presence, they want us to argue and split, but their tools are different. "
Senator Tom Cotton, Republican from Arkansas, joined forces with Mr. King to discuss the dangers Chinese telecom giant Huawei called on Monday in the Ministry of Justice indictments.
Mr. King said the company must intervene n decide on a "worldwide telecommunications company or a representative of the Chinese government".
In his reply, Lieutenant General Robert P. Ashley Jr., director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, said he was not Chinese. Given the influence of Beijing, the company could really decide whether it was a collaboration or a handover of data.
"It's really authoritarian capitalism in the way the government provides oversight and sets very strict rules," General Ashley said. "This is very problematic."
The written review of the threat also revealed that Russia's ability to conduct cyber espionage and influence campaigns is similar to its efforts in the 2016 US presidential election. The biggest concern, however, is that "Moscow is now using cyber attacks to disrupt or damage US civilian and military infrastructure in a crisis."
It was noted in particular by Russia's malware planting in the United States electricity grid. Russia already has the ability to shut down the network "for at least a few hours," the report concluded, "but it is a critical infrastructure with the long-term goal of causing significant damage."
Taken together The report paints a picture of threats that are significantly different from those claimed by Mr Trump.
The written review lacked evidence that would support the construction of a wall on the southwestern border; The first mention of Mexico and drug cartels was published almost half of the report – after a series of more pressing threats.
Mr. Trump has said that the Wall is one of the most critical security threats in the US.