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India is the second largest consumer of tobacco products, poll shows



Tobacco is one of the most common forms of addiction.

New Delhi: World No Tobacco Day is being watched worldwide on May 31st. Tobacco is one of the most common forms of addiction. Although scientific evidence has shown its harmful effects, the use of tobacco in various forms has increased dramatically, especially in developing countries.

A Global Tobacco Survey Report (GATS-2) shows that India is the second largest consumer of tobacco products with 28.6 percent of the population in any form dependent on it. Of these, 10.7 percent smoke and 21.4 percent smoke-free tobacco. Of the 346 million global non-smoking tobacco consumers, India alone has 1

52.4 million consumers with a significant increase in all ages

This potentially lethal substance accounts for more than 1 in 10 deaths worldwide, with India among the top 4 consumers counts of tobacco. About 11.2 percent of smokers worldwide are Indians.

Despite decades of research and strong initiatives to control diabetes worldwide, the number of tobacco consumers in the world has not been declining.

Besides cancer, the use of tobacco in any form is also a leading cause of type 2 diabetes, the most common form of the disease, as seen in adults. Research shows that smokers develop diabetes 30 to 40 percent more frequently than non-smokers. This risk doubled with the number of cigarette packets smoked daily.

"Naturally occurring tobacco does not have much sugar, the processed forms have added sugar in high amounts, so tobacco raises blood sugar levels and makes it more difficult for diabetes mellitus," said Sujata Sharma, diabetes educator, BeatO.

That was not the only problem. While nicotine may appear harmless, it has a detrimental effect on the body by altering the natural cell processes, thus affecting the insulin response that leads to a condition called insulin resistance. People with insulin resistance need larger and more frequent doses of insulin to control blood sugar levels in their body, "he added.

For example, smokers with diabetes have a higher risk of developing serious complications such as heart disease or neuropathy, or nerve damage in extremities and limbs poor blood flow to the limbs and genitals leading to gangrene, infection and possible disability and infertility Retinopathy leading to blindness is another common complication associated with diabetic tobacco users, "added Mr. Sharma.

"Many smokers tend to use smokeless tobacco when they give up their cigarette addiction." Vaping, as the use of e-cigarettes is called, is also considered an alternative and with only 10 percent nicotine compared to a cigarette It seems relatively less damaging, but that's not the case Smoke-free tobacco carries just as many health risks, "Dr. Ramananda Srikantiah Nadig, Director of the Clinical Advisory Board, healthi.

Snuff and chewing tobacco also contain nicotine, which is responsible for tobacco dependence, although it is absorbed more slowly at the rate of cigarettes, the amount absorbed is three to four times and stays longer in the bloodstream.

"Due to the presence of nicotine and other chemicals, prolonged use of smokeless tobacco causes serious health problems such as cancer and heart disease, it also increases the risk of oral and oropharyngeal cancer," Dr. Nadig added.

He further said that sometimes there may be white patches on the gum, tongue or mucous membrane called leukoplakia, although this is not cancerous could develop into a full-blown oral cancer.Lung, stomach, bladder, pancreas and esophageal cancer are some of the other cancers related to smokeless tobacco addiction.

Another form of tobacco called smokeless tobacco and Sheesha release high levels of carbon monoxide by lowering the amount of oxygen circulating in the blood, increasing heart rate and blood pressure, and increasing cardiovascular System overloaded.

"In addition, frequent tobacco users are at risk of cardiac arrest, high blood pressure, stroke, bleeding, blood clots, and other cardiac disorders." It is imperative that people at risk or suffering from heart disease stop using snuff or other smokeless tobacco products after an attack, as this can be life-threatening, "said Dr. Rajiv Agarwal, cardiologist, Lybrate [19659003] The abandonment of tobacco / smoking can be a big challenge and often requires professional help and rehabilitation.Once along the way, your body will definitely experience a better overall health.It is possible that To overcome tobacco dependence through support systems, programs and prescription drugs. [19659003] Products like the following can help wean the addict from smokeless tobacco.

– Nicotine gum
– Nicotine patches
– Lozenges

Prescription drugs such as Bupropion SR and Varenicline tartrate can be used under medical supervision to stop smoking


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