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India prepares for the historic moon land trial near the South Pole of the Moon




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ISRO

India is getting ready for try his first moon landing on Friday, September 6, after his spaceship had reduced its orbit around the moon to prepare for launch.

On Friday, August 30, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has lowered its orbit the Chandrayaan 2 mission on 1

24 x 164 kilometers around the moon, the fourth maneuver that has ever taken the spacecraft in lunar orbit. Another maneuver is scheduled for September 1, before the mission's lander, called Vikram, joins the spacecraft September will be separated from Orbiter 2.

Chandrayaan-2, which was launched on July 22, is India's second lunar mission after the Chandrayaan 1 mission in 2008. However, it is the nation's first attempt on the surface They only make the fourth nation to do so after the Soviet Union, the US and China.

The mission consists of an orbiter, the Vikram Lander, and a small rover named Pragyan. After separating from the orbiter, Vikram lowers his orbit around the moon until it is at most 100 kilometers above the surface. Then at 18.10. The eastern time on Friday, September 6 (1:40 am local time in India on September 7), begins with a final 15-minute descent to the surface that ends at 6.25 am. Eastern Time.

Vikram is said to land near the Moon South Pole, more specifically in the South Pole region. This is a scientifically fascinating region where water ice may be trapped below the surface or stored in shady craters. Future plans for a lunar base have targeted this region, where the ice could be used as a valuable resource.

"The globe is waiting for our data," Dr. Kailasavadivoo Sivan, chairman of ISRO, last in a press conference week. "For the first time, we will land at a location on the South Pole, and NASA has already announced the project to create a human habitat at the South Pole. So that will contribute to a program that is very much about humanity.

Four hours after landing, the Pragyan Rover drives down a ramp from the lander to the surface. Then the science of mission can begin, with both the lander and the rover equipped with a range of instruments to study the surface. Among other things, Vikram measures his seismology and temperature, while Pragyan examines the composition of the lunar material and takes pictures.

The Lander and the Rover are both designed to endure a lunar day, 14 Earth days, until nightfall, and end of night temperature drops dramatically. However, after the 14-day moonlit night you can wake up again, which is not guaranteed. At least, the orbiter will continue to work for up to a year, continuing to study the lunar surface.

China's Chang'e-4 was the last mission that landed on the moon and landed on the other side of the earth moon in January 2019. Their Chang'e-3 mission in 2013 was the first Mission on the Moon since the Soviet Union's Luna 24 mission in 1976. In April 2019, the Israel-based SpaceIL Beresheet lander crashed off its attempt to land on the moon.

India's landing is anything but guaranteed. Dr. Sivan has rated their chances of success with only 37 percent. The decisive moment for the semi-autonomous landing are the last "15 minutes of terror". If all had gone according to plan, India would have entered the lunar history books – and thus initiated a new onslaught in the South Pole region.

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ISRO

India is preparing for its first moon landing on Friday, September 6, after being Spacecraft has lowered its orbit around the moon to prepare for launch

On Friday, August 30, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) lowered the orbit of the Chandrayaan 2 mission to 124 kilometers by 164 kilometers around the Moon, the Another maneuver is scheduled for September 1, before the Lander of the mission – called Vikram – disengages from the Orbiter on September 2.

Chandrayaan-2, which was released on the 22nd After the Chandrayaan was launched in July, India's second lunar mission is 1 mission in 2008. However, it is the nation's first attempt to land on the surface – what they are after the Soviet Union, the US, and the US China only makes it to the fourth nation.

The mission consists of an orbiter, the Vikram Lander and a small rover named Pragyan. After separating from the orbiter, Vikram lowers his orbit around the moon until it is at most 100 kilometers above the surface. Then at 18.10. The eastern time on Friday, September 6 (1:40 am local time in India on September 7), begins with a final 15-minute descent to the surface that ends at 6.25 am. Eastern Time.

Vikram is said to land near the Moon South Pole, more specifically in the South Pole region. This is a scientifically fascinating region where water ice may be trapped below the surface or stored in shady craters. Future plans for a lunar base have targeted this region, where the ice could be used as a valuable resource.

"The globe is waiting for our data," Dr. Kailasavadivoo Sivan, chairman of ISRO, last in a press conference week. "For the first time, we will land at a location on the South Pole, and NASA has already announced the project to create a human habitat at the South Pole. So that will make an important contribution to a program that affects humanity to a great extent.

Four hours after landing, the Pragyan Rover drives down a ramp from the lander to the surface. Then the science of mission can begin, with both the lander and the rover equipped with a range of instruments to study the surface. Among other things, Vikram measures his seismology and temperature, while Pragyan examines the composition of the lunar material and takes pictures.

The Lander and the Rover are both designed to endure a lunar day, 14 Earth days, until nightfall, and end of night temperature drops dramatically. However, after the 14-day moonlit night you can wake up again, which is not guaranteed. At least, the orbiter will continue to work for up to a year, continuing to study the lunar surface.

China's Chang'e-4 was the last mission that landed on the moon and landed on the other side of the earth moon in January 2019. Their Chang'e-3 mission in 2013 was the first Mission on the Moon since the Soviet Union's Luna 24 mission in 1976. In April 2019, the Israel-based SpaceIL Beresheet lander crashed off its attempt to land on the moon.

India's landing is anything but guaranteed. Dr. Sivan has rated their chances of success with only 37 percent. The decisive moment for the semi-autonomous landing are the last "15 minutes of terror". If everything had gone according to plan, India would have entered the moon history books – and thus triggered a new onslaught in the South Pole region.


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