Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) scientists work on the orbiter of Chandrayaan-2, India's first lander and rover mission, planned and developed by ISRO in Bangalore on June 12, 2019. – Chandrayaan 2 lander named "Vikram" (bravery), after the pioneer of the Indian space program Vikram Sarabhai, and the robot rover who explores the lunar surface called "Pragyan" (wisdom) will launch on the Moon from a Geosynchronous Satellite Vehicle (GSLV) launched Mark III within the following months. (Photo by MANJUNATH KIRAN / AFP) (Image credits should be MANJUNATH KIRAN / AFP / Getty Images)
MANJUNATH KIRAN | AFP | Getty Images
India, with its second unmanned mission to the Moon, which aims to land a rover near the unexplored South Pole, wants to make a giant leap in its space program and consolidate its place among the space nations.
] The Indian Space Research Organization plans to launch a spaceship with local technology on the moon on Monday. The 1
It will go "courageously where no country has gone before," said a statement by ISRO.
India is about to become the world's fifth-largest economy, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi's passionate nationalist government wants to demonstrate its country's security and technology strength.
India successfully tested an anti-satellite weapon in March, which, according to Modi, has demonstrated the country's capability as a spacecraft alongside the United Nations, Russia and China. India also plans to send people into space by 2022, making it only the fourth nation.
The country's ambitions are in the midst of a resurgent space race.
The US celebrates its 50th anniversary this month The Apollo 11 mission, which made Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin the first humans on the moon, is working to send a manned spacecraft to the South Pole of the Moon by 2024 , In April, an unmanned Israeli vehicle crashed its first privately funded moon landing on a failed attempt on the Moon.
Decades of space research has enabled India to develop satellite, communications and remote sensing technologies that help solve everyday problems at home, from forecasting fish migration to forecasting storms and floods.
India's First Moon Mission Chandrayaan-1, whose name is Sanskrit for "Moonship", circled the moon in 2008, helping to confirm the presence of water. In the country's first interplanetary mission in 2013/14, India placed a satellite in orbit around Mars.
Some questioned the cost in a 1.3 billion country affected by widespread poverty and one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world. However, author and economics commentator Gurcharan Das said that the cost of the second moon shot is small compared to India's total budget and that the project could have a multiplier effect on the economy.
He urged India to involve the country's private sector more in research and development, which he said could bring "huge benefits" beyond space.