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Indian dies four years earlier thanks to air pollution: study



Particulate pollution is so severe that it shortens the life expectancy of the average Indian by more than four years, compared to meeting World Health Organization (WHO) air quality guidelines. This has risen 69 percent over two years in the late 1990s as particle pollution increased, said the University of Chicago's Energy Policy Institute (EPIC) on Monday.

India is the second most polluted country [19659003] According to the EPIC, India is currently the second most polluted country in the world. The only country that is more polluted than India is the neighboring state of Nepal in the Himalayas.

People in NCT and neighbors have a six-year shorter lifespan: Air Quality Life Index

Concentrations in the Indian states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, and Delhi's National Capital Territory are much higher. The study shows that the impact on life expectancy in these areas is greater as the average life expectancy of residents is only six years.

The Air Pollution Index, the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI), notes this Air pollution reduces life expectancy by nearly two years, posing the greatest threat to human health.

The tool gives figures such as ̵

1; For an average resident of Delhi, life expectancy could increase if the WHO guidelines were met for up to 10.2 years. Likewise, in each district of India, between 1998 and 2016, there are lost environmental pollution over a period of 18 years.

The special feature of AQLI is that pollution is converted into what is perhaps the most important measure – life expectancy

This happens worldwide at a hyperlocal level. It also illustrates how air pollution policies can increase life expectancy if they meet World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, existing national air quality standards or user-defined air quality levels.

Also read | Chronic exposure to air pollution can lead to lower math scores and verbal abilities

600,000 children die each year from air pollution: WHO

Color-coded air pollution measurements show no impact on human well-being

The information provided by AQLI help to inform local communities and policymakers about the importance of air pollution policy very concrete.

Loss of life expectancy is highest in Asia, over six years in many parts of India and China; Some US residents still lose up to a year of pollution.

Fossil fuel-related air pollution reduces the average life expectancy of humans by 1.8 years per person according to the Pollution Index and EPIC's Accompanying Report.

"Throughout the world, people today breathe air that poses a serious risk to their health, but the way in which this risk is communicated is often obscure and confusing. Air pollution levels are expressed in colors such as red, translucent brown, orange, and green, "said Michael Greenstone, the Milton Friedman economics professor and director of EPIC, adding:

" What these colors mean for people's well-being was always unclear. "[19659006]

https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/delhi-air-quality-pollution-control-board-emergency-plan-failure- 1373762-2018- 10-23

About the measurement of air quality and pollution. (Image: aqicn.org)

AQLI life expectancy approach to pollution measurement

Greenstone also noted, "My colleagues and I developed the AQLI, where the 'L' stands for 'life' to remedy these shortcomings It removes the air pollution levels into particles and converts them into perhaps the most important life expectancy indicator. "

The AQLI is based on a pair of peer-reviewed co-author of Greenstone that pinpoints the causal link between long-term human exposure quantified by particle pollution and life expectancy.

The results of these studies are then combined with hyperlocalized, global particulate matter measurements to give unprecedented insight into the true cost of air pollution in communities around the world.

Keys from AQLI data

Seventy-five percent of the world's population or 5.5 billion people live in areas where particulate pollution exceeds the WHO Directive.

The AQLI reveals: [19659029] India and China, which make up 36 percent of the world's population, account for 73 percent of all life-years lost to particle pollution.

  • On average, people in India would live 4.3 years longer if their country met the WHO WHO guideline, extending the average life expectancy at birth from 69 to 73 years
  • About one-third live in the US population in areas that do not meet the WHO guideline
  • . People living in the most polluted countries of the country If pollution meets WHO Directive
  • it could be expected to live up to one year longer. Globally, the AQLI shows that particulate pollution reduces average life expectancy by 1.8 years, making it the largest threat to human health in the world
  • For comparison: [19659029] Firsthand cigarette smoke leads to a reduction in global average life expectancy of about 1.6 years

  • Alcohol and drugs reduce life expectancy by 11 months
  • Unsafe water and sanitation expire seven months
  • months
  • Conflicts and terrorism decrease 22 days
  • The effects of particulate matter pollution life expectancy is comparable to that of smoking, twice that of alcohol and drug use, three times that of insecure water, five times HIV / AIDS and more than 25 times that of conflict and terrorism.

    "While people can stop smoking and take steps to protect themselves from disease, there's little they can do to protect themselves from the air they breathe," said Greenstone.

    Also read: Air pollution in Delhi-NCR and what you can do to protect young children

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