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Home / Health / Indians who do not control blood sugar levels: Study | India news

Indians who do not control blood sugar levels: Study | India news



MUMBAI: Although India is known to be the world capital for diabetes, there seems to be little awareness across the country of the need to control fluctuating blood sugar levels. HbA1c levels throughout India, a blood test to determine the average blood sugar level over a three-month period, was 8.5% in May 2019 – about 3% higher than normal sugar levels, according to a new national survey.
The picture becomes gloomier at city level – direct from Mumbai to Kolkata and from Delhi to Chennai. Mumbai, the financial metropolis where people complain of high stress and poor sleep habits, has an average of 8.2%, while the state capital Delhi is worse at 8.8%. The survey, which is part of a one-year study by the Novo Nordisk Education Foundation, looked at the readings of 1
.8 lakh patients in 28 cities. Diabetes, which affects the body's ability to process blood sugar, affects the metabolism and, over the years, affects vital organs such as the kidneys, eyes and nervous system.
The study also looked at how the HbA1c content in 28 cities changed over the course of a year. In Bengaluru, HbA1c rose from 8.3% in June 2018 to 8.4% in May 2019. Over the same period Chennai (8.4% to 8.2%) and Kolkata (8.4% to 8, 1%) but a decline. In Gurgaon, too, the values ​​fell from 8.6% to 8.5%. Smaller cities such as Khandwa recorded 9% in June 2018 but fell to 8.2% in May 2019.
Hyderabad values ​​were more or less static (8.59% and 8.6%). "The number of diabetes patients in India is currently increasing in the lower socioeconomic levels. They are unaware of the importance of the state and its control. The result is a high average sugar content and complications at a young age. " Anoop Misra. The survey is part of the latest report by the pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk India on the Indian Diabetes Care Index, which covers diabetes and care in India. "The cost of diabetes care in India alone was estimated at 63,000 rupees in 2017, with 72.9 million people affected by diabetes in India and 80% not receiving recommended treatment," the report said.
Ambrish Mithal, Head of Endocrinology at Medanta, Medicity in Gurgaon, said the diabetes epidemic in India is still increasing. "Until a few years ago, diabetes was something that happened to people over 40 years old, but now we're seeing it increasingly in 20-year-olds," said the doctor. He said that nearly 60% of patients undergoing bypass surgery in their hospital had diabetes as the underlying cause.
"In many major cities, nearly 40% of over-60s suffer from diabetes. That's alarming, "he said. The endocrinologist dr. Shashank Joshi from Lilavati Hospital in Mumbai said: "The value of 7% is the magic number endocrinologists seek for their diabetes patients. In certain cases, however, it can be relaxed. In the elderly, doctors are satisfied with 7.5%, while 6.5% are satisfactory for pregnant women and adolescents.
The key is to keep sugar at bay and work towards a lower number, he added. The India Diabetes Care Index report also states that uncontrolled diabetes causes more than three million cases of diabetes-related heart, eye, kidney, nerve and limb complications. The company has launched Impact India, a 1,000-day challenge to lower the average HbA1c in India by 1% by 2021 is lower, "said Dr. Mithal.

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