The vote is the first vote of no confidence adopted by India's House of Commons in 15 years, though it is unlikely to alarm the BJP, which still has a significant parliamentary majority.
Rahul Gandhi, president of the largest opposition party to the Indian National Congress, arrives Friday on a devastating assassination attempt on Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who has failed to address the increase in violence and lawlessness in India.
"In other countries, it is believed that for the first time in its history, India was unable to protect its women," said Gandhi, the scion of India's most famous political dynasty, when he addressed the lower house  "It's the first time in the history of India that we get such a reputation, which has never happened before," Gandhi said.
"Indians are beaten, grueling and the Prime Minister has spoken I have spoken one word … Do minorities, Dalits (lowest caste) and Adivasi (tribal community) not belong to this country? Are they from another country? Are women not out Why is the prime minister not talking when this happens? "
A litm US test for modes
modes, which is expected to speak at 1
"I am sure that my colleague colleagues will take this opportunity and work constructively, comprehensively and disruptively We are guilty of the people and the creators of our constitution, "added Modi.
] With 274 members, Modis BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) coalition has a clear majority in the 534-seat lower house of parliament.
The opposition Congress Party and its United Progressive Alliance (UPA) hope to attract political attention by drawing attention to slow employment growth and the deterioration of law and order.
Economic change was the basis of the 2014 Modi Campaign elections, which led him to topple the Congress-led UPA coalition government with a landslide victory.
But many of these reforms have not happened yet and some have even hit growth.
"The government has failed in governance, abused power, and failed in keeping its promises," said Anand Sharma, the congressional chairman, at a press conference Thursday.
"Prime Minister Modi is persecuted by his own propaganda, believing only that what he says is the truth that this government has done wonders, what we have seen, the destruction of this economy, the untruth that spreads and the agony of the people that is definitely a premiere that has reached this BJP government in the country, "Sharma added.
Speaking to CNN, political commentator Arati Jerath said the motion would be a good opportunity for opposition parties to address issues they consider important.
"Parliament did not work properly session after session, and there were many issues that the opposition was trying to debate, issues that it considers important, such as Dalits (lowest caste) attacks and lynching, and it's hard to have them Debates because the Parliament was so disturbed, "Jerath said.
Roadmap to 2019 Surveys
With the next parliamentary elections in India due by May 2019, the BJP will want to maintain its majority, although the outcome is uncertain.
"This may be the beginning of their (opposition) campaign for the 2019 election," Jerath said.
"But the opposition parties must remain strong," if they have a reasonable chance to break the grip of Modi's coalition in the upcoming elections, Jerath added.
Swati Gupta of CNN contributed to this report.