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India's minorities fear the return of Modi



Khan and a friend had, according to his family, brought two newly purchased cows through the fields of Alwar in the north of the country to their home across the border in Haryana when they were attacked by a group of Hindus.

] But it was not an isolated case.

The attacks have raised concerns about the spread of violent Hindu nationalism since Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power in 2014.
Critics say the presence of a Hindu nationalist government in Delhi has fostered the vigilance of their stubborn adherents to livestock traders, especially Muslims, a minority in India. Even minority groups within the Hindu community, such as the lower caste Hindus, formerly known as the "untouchables", were violently attacked by hardened nationalists.

Suraj Pal, a farmer in Khan's village, Kolgaon said.

  Sahila Khan, the 1[ads1]4-year-old daughter of Rakbar Khan, is standing in front of her house in the village of Kolgaon in Haryana.

Mob Lynch is a crime.

] According to HRW, at least 44 people were killed in 12 Indian states between May 2015 and December 2018, including 36 Muslims.

"The attacks were led by so-called cow conservation groups, many claiming to be associated with militant Hindu groups often associated with the BJP," says an HRW report in February.

In August, Modi condemned vigilant attacks and called on states to prevent mob violence. "I want to make it clear that mob lynching is a crime, for whatever reason," Modi said. No one can under any circumstances take the law into their own hands and commit violence.

"I want to tell everyone that you should attack me if you have a problem. Stop attacking my Dalit brothers … Discrimination between people is unacceptable to me, "Modi added at another rally in August.

Modhan's words played for Khan, who was killed in the city of Alwar but no matter three weeks before Modi's statement.

The cows that Khan ran home were supposed to contribute to his income, and as there was hardly any land available to raise money, the milk sold by his cows would feed his family Buy his seven children.

In India, many farmers can not make ends meet to farm their land, the only alternative is dairy farming – an occupation that has become increasingly lethal in the last five years.
  For Modi, India's Marathon Election Ends Where It All Begins

The HRW study found the cattle laws – prohibiting or restricting the slaughter of cows – and the violence of the mobs was disproportionately high Affected Muslims and Hindus of the lower caste.

It is a statement that the locals consider right.

"These incidents-not just a place or a caste-are an attempt to silence humanity-it is the government's duty to stop social atrocities, justice should be the same," says Dayal Singh Yadav, a social worker in Rajasthan.

In a statement from last year's Interior Minister Rajasthan GC In response to Khan's murder, Kataria said, "Anyone who violates the law and has imposed the punishment for breaking the law will be condemned by me and the police lies in my moral responsibility. "

Alwar has gained prominence over the past three years Two Muslim farmers were lynched in the city as they transported cows. Locals say that farmers in neighboring villages refuse to go to town because they fear they will be attacked.

"We do not get cows after this incident and the business went down, but we do not have the guts to go to town and get them," said Mohammed Arqan, a resident of Khan's Village.

Allegations Rejected Inderjeet Singh, head of the district administration, said in fear of the locals and their reluctance to visit Alwar, "I did not notice anything like that, nobody pointed me directly to this kind of concern."

  Pawan Kumar & # 39; s cousin (left), wife, Nisha Devi; Mother, Savitri Devi; and sister Deep Mala in her family home in the village of Khairthal near Alwar in Rajasthan.

Lost Support in the North

Modi was elected in 2014 with a massive mandate to reduce corruption, create jobs, and build a robust manufacturing industry that escapes India for decades.

However, according to researchers from the privately-run Aziz Premji University in the southern city of Bangalore, unemployment and poverty have risen sharply over the past five years. Last year, the BJP lost three state elections in the Hindu belt, including Rajasthan, who expressed doubts about Modi's support.

He also promised to be a champion of the lower Hindu castes known as Dalits in India. In addition to minority Muslims, they have also complained of discrimination and carried out numerous protests in recent years.

In April last year, thousands of Dalits across the country protested against a Supreme Court ruling that limited their view on special legal protection against discrimination.

This protest was fatal to 25-year-old Pawan Kumar. He participated in a peaceful rally in his village Khairthal in Rajasthan, 25 kilometers from Alwar. It's unclear what happened, but somehow Kumar was shot twice in the head and leg and died.

  The marathon in Modi, India ends where it all started.

"If there had been no attempt to change the law, it would not have happened," said Deep Mala, Kumar's sister, pointed to Kumar's 26-year-old widow. "These are little kids – why would that happen to them?"

The police arrested 121 people from Alwar and its neighboring villages for participating in the protests that day. The indictment, according to Ramjeevan Baudh, is slowly progressing through the Indian court system. 37 of the defendants.

Kumar and Khan may have been killed for various reasons, but both families agree: they do not trust the current administration to address the issue of minorities, though the government assures officials.

Kumar's mother Savitri Devi says India needs a change of government to repair damage for five years, and this time she voted for Congress.

"We lost our son – why will we vote for them (BJP)? We gave The vote in 2014 assumed that they will do a good job, they have not done anything," she said. It is a concern that many liberals and minorities share.

Most major polls conducted by local media have put Modi on track for a second term as the results are announced on Friday. In the past, Indian exit surveys proved unreliable in predicting accurate seat numbers, both in national and state elections, given the size of voters and regional differences across the country.

Khan's daughter Sahila is no longer attending school When she helps, she takes care of the family.

"I think we should get some justice for my dad," she said.

A BJP spokesman declined to comment on the current ordinary process of the ongoing elections. However, modes are still popular and have a message that appeals to many voters.

Journalist Faiz Akhtar Saleem contributed to this report.


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