Intermittent fasting, which contributes to weight loss: How can the time of the meal, regardless of the calorie intake, contribute to weight loss?
Over the years, from Atkins, Paleo, to Ketogenic, there are always new diet trends to watch. These trendy diets seem to grab the attention of many people, including those with diabetes. Clinicians are constantly advising patients with type 2 diabetes about the importance of having a healthy lifestyle that often requires significant weight loss. Obesity strongly correlates with type 2 diabetes; Therefore, patients with type 2 diabetes are often overwhelmed not only with a diabetic diagnosis, but also with the task of losing weight. This is when patients are tempted to search for the simplest solution according to the latest fashion diet. One of the latest diet plans is intermittent fasting. Intermittent fasting consists of several types, including the 1
Many health benefits have been associated with intermittent fasting, including weight loss, lowering blood sugar and insulin levels, significant reduction in human growth hormone, and body fat loss. Some studies even suggest that intermittent fasting can lower the risk of heart disease, Alzheimer's and cancer. Given the known effects on body weight, blood sugar and insulin levels, there is a great deal of interest in whether intermittent fasting can help prevent or treat diabetes.
A recent study examined the effects of different schedules for intermittent fasting on appetite and metabolism. and fat burning. A small cohort of 11 adult men and women with overweight or obesity (BMI 25-35 mg / m 2 ) practiced two different meal-time strategies in random order: a three-meal control plan over a 12-hour breakfast period at 8.00 and dinner at 20.00 and a limited feed schedule (eTRF) of three meals over a period of six hours with breakfast at 8.00 and dinner at 14.00. Each schedule offered the same amount and type of food as the other. On the fourth day of each diet, researchers measured the participants' metabolism in a respiratory chamber where calories burned, carbohydrates, fats, and proteins were measured. Participants' appetite scores were monitored every 3 hours while they were awake and their hunger hormone levels, ghrelin, were checked. The results showed that the eTRF schedule lowered the level of the starvation hormone ghrelin. decreased appetite; and increased fat burning. This study had a significantly small population size but provided some objective measurements regarding the metabolic effects of intermittent fasting.
Previous studies contradicted the question of whether weight loss by intermittent fasting was attributed to burning more calories or reducing appetite. With the evidence from this recent study, the effect does not appear to be on the amount of calories burned, but rather on the increased overall efficiency of the metabolism. By limiting the amount of time you can eat, the amount of calories that is consumed temporarily will be lower for most people. It is also evident that a significant loss of appetite occurs when intermittent fasting is practiced. An observational study looked at the effect of intermittent fasting on diabetes for 24 hours, 2-3 days per week. Three overweight men, high blood pressure and hyperlipidemia were able to lose 10-18% of their body weight, reduce their fasting blood sugar and HbA 1c, and discontinue most if not all diabetes medications. Although this study was only observable in 3 patients, it is very important to hear that patients delete diabetes medications from their treatment plan.
While diabetes patients are looking for a cure for obesity to maintain glycemic control, intermittent fasting may be a topic of discussion that should be addressed. It is important to discuss the risk of hypoglycaemia during Lent. While patients are taught about proper carbohydrate counting, intake of essential nutrients and proper exercise, intermittent fasting may be a good recommendation for patients with diabetes taking over periods like 16/24 hours daily or for several days a week.
In this special interview, Dr. Mark Mattson, which resources are available for explaining the intermittent diet and how you can get started. Dr. Mark Mattson is head of the Neuroscience Laboratory at the NIH's National Institute on Aging Intramural Research Program. He is also Professor of Neuroscience at Johns Hopkins University. Part 1
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