DUBAI – Iranian officials condemned the Trump administration on Tuesday for new sanctions against the country's leadership. They said the measures had blocked the path to diplomacy forever and that the White House had been "mentally crippled" under the current president.
In a televised address, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called the restrictions aimed at the top leader "outrageous and idiotic" and said that they had shown "some failure" by the Trump administration to isolate Iran.
"You sanction the Foreign Minister at the same time with a request for talks?" Rouhani said on state television, referring to statements by US officials who proposed plans to sanction Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif later this month.
The "useless sanctioning" of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and Zarif, who led the Iranian nuclear talks with the world powers, "signifies the permanent closure of the doors of diplomacy," said Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi on Twitter Tuesday. "Trump's government is destroying all established international mechanisms for the maintenance of world peace and security."
The measures sanctioning Khamenei and senior commanders of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps were taken in response to the overthrow of a US drone by Iranian forces last week, US officials said. As a result, foreign financial institutions providing significant "financial services" to one of the Iranian officials would be subject to US sanctions.
In Jerusalem, national security adviser John Bolton said on Tuesday that the new sanctions were "significant," but President Trump "opened the door to real negotiations."
He spoke at a trilateral summit of US, Israeli and Russian national security advisers – the first of his kind.
"Iran just has to do something." go through that door, "Bolton said.
The Trump government wants to bring the weakened Iran to new talks about its nuclear energy program at the negotiating table. The sanctions were announced when Secretary of State Mike Pompeo began recruiting allies, including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, to help oversee the Iran-based threats in the Persian Gulf.
Officials said that there is currently no return channel between the US government and the Iranian government.
Bolton said US diplomats are now "looking for a way to peace in the Middle East".
"The silence of Iran was deafening," he said.
It is far from clear that Iran will yield. The Iranian UN Ambassador said on Monday that any thought of negotiation "is not finished yet". He also denied the claim that Iran is behind a series of attacks on oil tankers and other provocations against regional nations, including the United States.
"The assets of Ayatollah Khamenei and his office will not be spared sanctions," said Trump. The president mispronounced the name of the Iranian cleric as "Khomeini." This was the name of the former leader who died in 1989.
The decision to attack Khamenei directly suggests that Trump is trying to put pressure on the leader to decide whether to accept an invitation to renegotiate Iran's nuclear program. Trump's title-mate is President Hassan Rouhani, who chaired the 2015 International Atomic Energy Agreement, which Trump rejects as flawed and weak.
Trump withdrew the United States from the pact last year and began to tighten sanctions in a campaign his critics are targeting to further undermine the nuclear deal and force the regime to collapse.
"The supreme leader of Iran is the one who ultimately is responsible for the regime's hostile behavior," Trump said when he signed an order imposing sanctions on him. Dozens of earlier economic sanctions were for the alleged Supporting Iran for terrorism and other actions.
"He has respect in his country. His office oversees the regime's most brutal instruments, including the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, "the president said. The United States accuses him of attacking two tankers near the Strait of Hormuz on June 13.
Trump Seems to Play This The pressure campaign will force the Iranian leadership to agree to a new nuclear deal, and not encourage them to take military action against what she sees as an illegal effort to strangle the Iranian economy when it comes to Sanction pressure goes.
"The facilities that control Khamenei's office have already been sanctioned by the US," said Suzanne Maloney, an Iran scholar at the Brookings Institution. "All new measures are only incremental and possibly redundant. The Iranian economy has already been forced to become insular and less interconnected – paradoxically making the remaining economic activity more resilient to US restrictions. "
At the beginning of last year, when Trump withdrew from the nuclear deal, his government effectively banned Iran. Oil exports, the country's main source of income, turned to smaller targets such as the iron, steel, aluminum, and copper industries.
"More economic sanctions are almost exclusively symbolic and not economically significant," said Elizabeth Rosenberg. a sanction expert at the Center for a New American Security. "The sanctions at this point are a side effect of the real danger of a military escalation and a comprehensive war."
Despite his aversion to a military strike, Trump said he has the legal power to order such action without the consent of Congress. Legislators have insisted he receive. "I like to keep you posted, but I do not have to do it legally," he said Monday in an interview with Hill.
On Monday, the Trump administration presented a case against Iran in the UN Security Council. argue that Iran or its proxies were behind numerous attacks in the Middle East. The US was not directly affected by these actions until the drone strike.
Iranian Ambassador Majid Takht Ravanchi told reporters at the United Nations that the unmanned "spy plane" was violating Iranian airspace and ignoring repeated radio warnings before it was shot down. The United States claims the plane flew over international waters.
"We can not accept any intimidation or threat from anyone," said Ravanchi, who helped negotiate the 2015 nuclear deal. He called for a regional dialogue under the auspices of the United States and seemed to reject direct negotiations with Washington.
"How can we start a dialogue with someone whose main concern is to impose more sanctions on Iran?" He said. "The atmosphere for such a dialogue is not ready yet."
Trump continued to be optimistic about the prospects for a new deal that he believed would do more to prevent an Iranian nuclear bomb than the existing agreement.
We would like to be able to negotiate a deal if you want. If they do not want to, that's okay too. But we would like to be able to, "said Trump in the Oval Office. "And honestly, they might as well do it soon."
Finance Minister Steven Mnuchin said sanctions against high-ranking military commanders would "literally lock billions of dollars in assets."
These sanctions block access to the United States financial system and assets that officials may hold in the United States. The order signed by Trump gives Mnuchin the authority to prosecute other officials appointed by Khamenei.
Mnuchin stressed that the sanctions should not hurt the Iranian people but are directed against the country's leaders. "I want to be very clear. We are not trying to create problems for the Iranian people. "
However, US sanctions have devastated the Iranian currency and made everyday goods such as fruits, vegetables, car parts and cell phones overly expensive for the average Iranian.  The sanctions that have weighed on US relations with Europe have inspired Washington's allies in Israel and the Arab Gulf countries. But the president was frustrated when he did most of the heavy load transport.
Trump complained on Twitter that the United States "protects the shipping lanes for other countries" and suggested stopping the US Navy patrols at the entrance to the Persian Gulf
"All these countries should have their own ships on one always dangerous to protect travel, "wrote Trump.
Pompeo repeated this message on Monday during his meeting with Mohammed bin Zayed, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi. Pompeo asked for military assistance in maritime safety and said, "We all need you to attend, your military."
"The President wants to tell you that the US is not paying the cost," he added ,
Zarif, the Iranian foreign minister, said in a tweet that Trump "is 100% right that the US military has no business in the Persian Gulf. The removal of its forces is fully in the interests of the US and the world. But it is now clear that the #B_Team does not care about US interests – they despise diplomacy and thirst for war.
Military officials said a new international maritime security program in the Persian Gulf is still in its infancy. According to an official who spoke on condition of anonymity, foreign nations from Asia and the Gulf must provide cash or shipments to oversee and protect maritime trade in the Middle East to discuss a program that is ongoing.
Countries that buy and sell oil in the region have in some cases been asked to escort ships, place ships at fixed positions in the area, or provide patrol aircraft.
Pompeo also met with King Salman and his son Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman signed the plan on Monday in Saudi Arabia.
Eglash reports from Jerusalem. John Hudson and Anne Gearan reported from Washington. Carol Morello, Karen DeYoung, William Branigin, Missy Ryan and Damian Paletta contributed to this report.