VIENNA (Reuters) – Iran continues to maintain the terms of its nuclear deal with the world powers despite the US withdrawal, but could allow snap and proactive snap inspections, the US nuclear watchdog, who oversaw the deal, said Thursday.
In its first report, after US President Donald Trump announced Washington's exit on May 8, the International Atomic Energy Agency said that Iran was limited in the level at which it would enrich uranium, its enriched uranium resources, and other goods could.
But the IAEA appeared to reprimand Iran for interfering with so-called "complementary access controls" under the agency's additional protocol that Iran is implementing under the agreement. Such inspections are often carried out at short notice.
"The agency … has made complementary accesses to Iran under the Nuclear Agreement, but could do even better with the Additional Protocol to all locations and locations in Iran that it was required to visit -EAEA," the IAEA said confidentially, sent to the Member States and received by Reuters.
"Timely and proactive cooperation by Iran in providing such access would facilitate the implementation of the Additional Protocol and enhance confidence," it said.
The report came with France, Britain and Germany, who tried to rescue the core business of sanctions against the restrictions of Tehran's nuclear activities. Trump reinstates US sanctions on Tehran, threatening to thwart the deal and cause Iranian retribution.
The IAEA has repeatedly defended the agreement, stating that it has created "the most robust verification system in the world".
Diplomats following the agency said an inspection went to the leadership last month, but a senior diplomat who is also familiar with the work of the IAEA said Thursday that the report did not engage Iran.
"There was no problem, it's just an encouragement, and the IAEA wants to make sure that there will be no problem," he said, adding that Iranian behavior did not change either in the first quarter of 201
Trump sees various "mistakes" in the agreement, including the fact that many of its restrictions expire over time and are not due to the Iranian ballistic missile program or its role in regional conflicts such as the wars in Syria and Yemen Respectively.
Some western companies, such as the French oil giant Total, have already said they may have to leave Iran as a result of the US move. Senior officials from other countries that have signed the treaty – France, Britain, Germany, Russia, China and Iran – will meet in Vienna on Friday to discuss next steps.
At a meeting with the European Union's foreign policy chief in Brussels, French, British and German foreign ministers promised to maintain the deal by trying to keep Iran's oil and investment running Tehran is seeking.
The Iranian Commander-in-Chief set a number of conditions for Iran on Wednesday so that he can stick to the agreement, including the fact that European banks should secure trade with the Islamic Republic.
Reporting by Francois Murphy; Editing by Mark Heinrich