Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif says that Tehran will resist any military or economic aggression and urges European states to do more to maintain a nuclear agreement that their country has signed with them.
Speaking at a press conference in Baghdad with Zarif, his Iraqi counterpart Mohamed Ali al-Hakim, said on Sunday his country wanted to build balanced relations with its Gulf Arab neighbors and proposed signing a non-aggression pact with them.
Iraq is ready to act as a mediator between its neighbor and the United States, al-Hakim said, adding that Baghdad does not consider a "economic blockade" fruitful ̵
"We are trying to help and be facilitators," al-Hayim said, adding that Baghdad will "work on a satisfactory solution," while emphasizing that Iraq is against Washington's unilateral steps.
The mediation offer coincided with that on Saturday by Mohamad al-Halbousi, Th The Iraqi Parliament Speaker. Hakim also expressed concern about the rapidly developing Iranian economy.
The sanctions against sister Iran are ineffective and we stand by its side.
Mohamed Ali al-Hakim, Iraqi Foreign Minister
Iranians make up the majority of Shiites worldwide, who come to Iraq each year to visit their many Shiite shrines and holy sites. Your purchasing power collapsed afterward Trump re-enforced the sanctions.
"Sanctions against sister Iran are ineffective and we stand by its side," al-Hakim said.
Speaking of growing tensions with the US, Zarif said that Iran could "face war, be it economic or military, through steadfastness and its forces."
Iraqi President Barham Salih discussed Zarif "the need to prevent any war or escalation," said his office.
Zarif's visit to Iraq follows Washington's decision to send 1,500 additional troops to the Middle East.
US presence in its "weakest" form
On Saturday, Zarif described the deployment of additional US troops in the region as "extremely dangerous and a threat to international peace and security"
It follows a US Decision in early May to send an Aircraft Carrier strike group and B-52 bombers to a demonstration of violence against what Washington's leaders described as an impending Iranian plan to attack US assets.
There Was No Evidence
A high-ranking commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards said the US military presence in the Middle East was in its "weakest history".
"Americans have been present in the region since 1833 and 1965 They are now the weakest in history in West Asia," said Rear Admiral Ali Fadavi, a deputy guard commander, according to the semi-official news agency Fars.
Washington said the recent reinforcements were a response to a "campaign" of recent attacks, including a rocket fired into the Baghdad Green Zone, explosive devices that damaged four tankers near the Gulf, and Yemeni drone strikes Rebels on an important Saudi oil pipeline.
Iran has denied any involvement.
] The US This month, the last exemptions for unilateral sanctions against Iran ended after it abandoned the 2015 nuclear deal in May last year.
Meanwhile, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani suggested the Islamic Republic could hold a referendum on its nuclear program.
The official IRNA news agency said Rouhani, who was publicly punished by the country's top leader last week, made the proposal on Saturday night in a meeting with editors of major Iranian news agencies.  Rouhani said he had previously proposed a referendum to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in 2004, when Rouhani was senior nuclear negotiator for Iran.
At that time, Khamenei agreed with the idea, and although there was no referendum, such a poll "can be a solution at any time," Rouhani was quoted as saying.
A referendum could provide political protection to the Iranian government if it wants to increase its enrichment of uranium, which is banned under the 2015 Nuclear Agreement.
Last week Iran quadrupled its uranium enrichment production capacity, although Iranian officials emphasized that uranium would only be enriched to the below-specified 3.67 percent threshold. Rouhani's remarks could also be used to defend his position after the rare public chastisement by the supreme leader.
Khamenei last week called Rouhani and Zarif – relative moderates within the Shiite Iranian theocracy who had reached the nuclear agreement – the failure to implement his orders on the agreement and said it had "numerous ambiguities and structural weaknesses" that hurt Iran could.
Those who have the last word on all issues of the Iranian state did not respond immediately to Rouhani's proposal for a referendum.
The Islamic Republic has seen only three referendums since its inception in 1979 – one on regime change from monarchy to Islamic republic and two on its constitution and amendments.