High protein diets like the keto diet and the Atkins diet are popular nowadays, but such diets can increase the risk of heart failure in middle-aged men, a new study from Finland suggests.
The study researchers analyzed information from more than 2,400 men, ages 42 to 60, who complied about the food they had eaten for four days. Then the men were divided into four groups based on how much protein they ate, with the lowest group consuming an average of about 78 grams per day and the highest group eating 109 grams per day. The participants were then followed for 22 years, in which about 330 were diagnosed with heart failure. [TechnicallyspeakingtheketodietandtheAtkinsdietarenothigh-proteindietstheketodietisahigh-fatmoderate-proteindietandtheAtkinsdietisalow-carbohydratedietDietsfollowbutoftenendupeatinghighlevelsofprotein)
The researchers found that the men in the group who ate the most protein were 33% more likely to be diagnosed with heart failure during the follow-up period with those in the group who ate the least protein.
The results were true for most protein sources: those who ate the most animal protein were 43 percent more likely to be diagnosed with heart failure; and those who ate the most milk protein were 49 percent more likely to be diagnosed with heart failure compared to those who consumed the least amount of animal and diary protein. [7 Tips for Moving Toward a More Plant-Based Diet]
Vegetable protein appeared to be less risky: Consuming high levels of plant protein was associated with a 1
The study, published on 29 the Journal Circulation: Heart Failure, is one of the first to examine the link between high-protein diets and heart failure, a condition in which the heart muscle can not pump enough blood to meet the body's normal needs cover up.
With many people taking the health benefits of high-protein diets for granted, it's important to understand the potential risks and benefits of these diets, "study senior author Jyrki Virtanen, adjunct professor of nutritional epidemiology at the University of Eastern Finland, said
However, the researchers emphasize that more studies in different populations are needed to confirm the findings, and the study also found only a link between a high-protein diet and heart failure and can not determine whether a change in protein levels in The diet would prevent heart failure.
High protein and heart health
The new study of "It's not enough to recommend against high protein diets for men," said Dr. Andrew Freeman, director of the Cardiovascular Prevention Program and wellness in the Nati onal Jewish Health Hospital in Denver, which was not involved in the new research. But the results add to a growing body of literature suggesting that high-protein diets can be detrimental to heart health, he said. For example, diets with high levels of saturated fatty acids found mainly in meat and dairy products have been associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
"The total amount of data out there would suggest the high value" Protein Diet, which has recently become a fad, is not necessarily the ideal diet, "Freeman said about Live Science "Americans consume far too much protein," he added, "and he might consider avoiding excessive amounts of the protein in their diet."
The US government recommends that people consume about 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight, or 0.36 grams per pound of body weight, which would translate to about 56 grams per day for a weight of 155 lb. sitting man and 46 grams per day for a 130 pound seated woman. However, how much protein a person needs hangs on a number of factors, including their level of activity, age and current health status.
Dr Larry Allen, Head of Heart Failure Program at UCHealth in Aurora, Colorado, said the new study could not prove that high-protein diets actually cause heart failure – it could be that other factors are responsible for the association. For example, it's not clear if it's protein itself or other things that are associated with a high-protein diet, such as the lack of certain nutrients that could affect heart health, Allen said, who was not involved in the study.
But in general, the findings support the idea that a balanced diet rich in vegetables and whole grains tends to have better heart health outcomes than an unbalanced diet, such as one that contains a lot of protein, Allen Live said Science.
The American Heart Association recommends a diet that includes a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, poultry, fish, beans, and nuts; And they recommend this diet limits the intake of sweets, sweetened drinks and red meat.
Original article on Live Science .