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Israeli constitutional law Angers & Jewish leaders



The interpretations of people outside the country and the people living there do not always overlap. Israel's new law is a consistent signal for Israel's values, especially when it comes to Arab-Israeli minority rights. But his passage does not necessarily represent the right victory the critics claim.

The National State Law was first introduced in 2011 by a center-right member of the Knesset, Avi Dichter. The main objective was to establish the unique Jewish right to an Israeli homeland as one of Israel's basic laws – effectively, its basic constitutional rules. When the last version happened this week, Poet stated that "we are incorporating this important bill into law today to prevent any thought, let alone try to turn Israel into a land of all its citizens," said Ynet, an Israeli news site.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu put it this way: "We have established the basic principle of our existence by law, Israel being the nation-state of the Jewish people, respecting the individual rights of all its citizens." This is our state ̵

1; the Jewish state Some have tried to call this into question in order to undermine the core of our being and today we have made it a law: that is our nation, language and flag. "

In its original form, however, the law did not receive much support and its provisions have since been haggled. "The long and tormented seven-year history of this bill essentially erased the content that the right-wing people who initially supported it absorbed," said Noah Efron, a professor at Bar-Ilan University and a former member of the Tel Aviv City Council , "If the right-wing government has been working for seven years on a bill that has teeth in its first forms and, in the end, a weakened bill that is symbolic, is that a sign of strength or weakness?"

And indeed, Bezalel Smotrich, a member of the right-wing Jewish-Jewish Knesset party, wrote after the adoption of the law on Facebook that he felt reluctant in the final version. "He does not mention the name of God," he complained, "or a" resolution clause of real practical significance. "Efron, who has been watching the Israeli bill, told me that ultra-orthodox newspapers had denied that could be challenged in Israel's largely liberal courts, which could ultimately undermine its provisions – or worse yet – the law stipulates that Shabbat is an official day of rest in Israel, and ultra-Orthodox Jews fear that the courts may undo it or reverse it Smotrich also stated this in his written comments.

However, in some parts of the Israeli left, the response was very different. "It fits so well to the narrative on the left that it is almost unquestioned: that Isra It is slipping towards an abyss of non-democracy, an increasing commitment to ethnocracy, "said Efron. "There are people who really felt like that: that's it, this is the day I tick my calendar, the day that Israeli democracy ended." Efron, for his part, says "that's crazy," though he identified himself with the political left. He does not think that the bill is so important, especially because it has minimal practical effect.


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