JERUSALEM – A new law passed by the Israeli Parliament authorizing the Prime Minister and Minister of Defense to go to war without seeking broader cabinet approval is criticized as Israel's growing tensions with Iran, The current Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, is being investigated in several corruption cases and fighting for his political future, and current Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman is a political hardliner with little security experience, factors that could raise questions. Your motivations should be resolved. Israel to go to war.
The move, an amendment to the basic laws that govern the Israeli constitution, passed on Monday night with 62 votes to 41
The whirlwind of events comes when a May 12 deadline for President Trump comes to decide whether the United States will be pulled out of the international agreement to stem the Iranian nuclear program.
The bill reduces the approval required to go to war, in most circumstances, from the full cabinet to half of the much smaller security cabinets. But a provision was added late in the process to give that authority to the prime minister and defense minister in "extreme circumstances".
Critics said that the law that did not define "extreme circumstances" allowed a dangerous amount of power (19659002) "The last minute of authority given under extreme circumstances to the prime minister and defense minister does not seem to be in order "said Yehuda Ben Meir, head of the National Security and Public Relations Bureau at Tel Aviv University's Institute for National Security Research. "It is not appropriate for the constitutional government system of Israel."
Ofer Shelah, a legislator of the centrist Yesh Atid, who sits in opposition, said the additional clause in the new law was "nothing short of crazy." 19659005] "I'm inundated with calls from experienced security officials who are shocked, and rightly so," wrote on Twitter.
Previously, the Israeli leaders had to seek the approval of the entire Cabinet in the war or even a military action that would probably lead to war. But in recent years, governments have grown to as many as 30 ministers. Proponents of the new law say that this system has become unwieldy with the larger cabinets.
However, some experts also said that the law could have little practical effect, as the PM and Minister of Defense would hardly go to war without war, political support and the support of military and security authorities, which in the past were considered cautious
"A government can not go to war, no matter what the law says, without a national consensus," said Shlomo Avineri. Professor of Political Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
The fact that Mr. Netanyahu's motives could be suspected because of his legal difficulties reinforces the need for public and political support, Avineri said. Emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 157 & lang = DE The prime minister to be examined is limited by the options available and will be audited even more than usual, "said Avineri, adding that. Englisch: emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 263 & lang = en The need for broad support is even wider.
Several analysts pointed to an episode in 2010 when Mr. Netanyahu and his then Defense Minister Ehud Barak sought to attack Iran's nuclear facilities, but Israeli Military were prevented from doing so. that said, it lacked the ability and opposition of the broader security establishment.
While this example suggests that Israeli leaders would not go to war without broader support, Netanyahu and Barak wanted to strike the following year. Iran was stopped again when two ministers resisted the idea, Barak said later.
In that case, they could have attacked Iran under the new law.
In 2016, a committee was set up to formulate recommendations to improve the Cabinet. Under the leadership of Yaakov Amidror, a former Israeli national security adviser and a Major General on the Reserves, the committee recommended that the selected Political Security Cabinet, which by law should have at least seven members, be given the power to go to war as half of the members of the government
Mr. Amidror said in an interview that Mr. Netanyahu was "pleased with our recommendation," but the newly amended law went beyond that. Mr. Netanyahu argued that the requirement of a council of safety councilors could lead to paralysis in an emergency, Amidror said.
He said that Mr. Netanyahu only put pressure to keep power in prime minister and minister of defense
Mr. Amidror insisted that the timing of the new law was coincidental and had nothing to do with the current tensions.
"I was behind it, so I know there is no connection," he said. "In Israel, every timing is a bad timing."