1743: Edmund Cartwright, the inventor of the loom, was born.
1792: La Marseillaise was composed by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle.
1815: The writer Anthony Trollope was born in London.
1889: Sir Stafford Cripps, Labor Chancellor, who instituted austerity measures in Britain after the Second World War, was born
1950: President Truman denies that there were Communists in the US government
1965: The Pennine Way – 250 miles from Edale in Derbyshire to Kirk Yetholm on the Scottish border – was officially opened
1986: The Duchess of Windsor The American widow of Edward, Duke of Windsor, died at the age of 89 in Paris.
1990: The Hubble Space Telescope was launched by the Discovery Space Shuttle
2005: Snuppy becomes the world's first cloned dog
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Driverless cars would be deployed on UK m In the next three years announced a group of technology companies
BIRTHDAYS: Shirley MacLaine, Entertainer, 84; Barbra Streisand, singer / actress, 76; Michael O'Keefe, actor, 63; Stuart Pearce, football manager, 56; Djimon Hounsou, actor, 54; Sachin Tendulkar, former cricketer, 45; Gabby Logan, television presenter, 45; Dave Vitty, Radio personality, 44; Kelly Clarkson, singer-songwriter, 36; Ben Howard, singer-songwriter, 31st