Addis Ababa (AFP) – This week, a two-decade war has been declared in an emotional reunion between Ethiopia and Eritrea, but analysts warn that many years of bitter relations must be restored despite the dizzying peace process Horns of Africa broke off the connection after the outbreak of a 1
Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, 41, reversed this policy last month, paving the way for a historic meeting with Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki 71, which ended Monday in a statement that "the state of war … is coming to an end had come ".
The two For the past two decades, the nations have re-established their telephone line for the first time, and Ethiopian Airlines will begin passenger flights between the two capitals next week.
But despite the diplomatic bonhomie, AC negotiated access to Eritrean ports for Ethiopian goods, delineating the disputed border region and ensuring good relations will not be easy, analysts say.
"Surely we have to be careful, I think it's still a long way to go, but ultimately everyone wants a lasting peace in the region," said Horn of Africa, a researcher from Chatham House Ahmed Soliman to AFP.
– Ethiopian dissent
Eritrea was once part of Ethiopia and covered its entire Red Sea shoreline until it voted for independence in 1993 after decades of bloody conflict.
Ethiopia was cut off from the sea by this step, and the deterioration of relations after the outbreak of war in 1998 forced sea trade over Djibouti
Since the signing of the peace agreement of Algiers in 2000, the two countries have little signs of one Shown approach.
Analysts say the surprisingly rapid burial of the warbird was only possible because Abiy had risen to Prime Minister April 1965.
But Abiy, referred to by Soliman as "a man in utter haste," is already facing internal disagreements rapprochement, especially from the Tigrayan minority
Soliman said leaders of the Tigray ethnic group are "particularly absent" from the talks in Asmara and that "their inclusion is crucial to the implementation of peace"
] Isaias, the only leader Eritrea knew since independence was a rival of former Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, a Tigrayan who led the war and the decision to ignore the 2002 border rule
The Ethiopia Eritrea War " between Isais and Meles, "said Kjetil Tronvoll, professor of peace and conflict research at Bjorknes University Colle ge in Norway.
When Abiys predecessor Hailemariam Desalegn took the lead, it was seen as just "a change at the top".
Dan Conell, an Eritrea researcher at Boston University, said Isaias sees Abiy – an ethnic Oromo – as a departure from the Tigrayans, who were in the past regarded as the most powerful faction of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionaries Democratic Front (EPRDF )
"I think this process will go all the way, it's clearly in the interests of both countries," Connell said.
– & # 39; Possible hurdles & # 39; –
Photos of Abiy and Isaiah's first meeting in Eritrea's capital Asmara on Sunday showed them hugs, smiles and cups of coffee. However, Soliman warns that the details of rapprochement will not be easy.
"There are possible hurdles everywhere."
Eritrea and Ethiopia are both among the poorest countries in Africa, but Ethiopia has seen its economy grow in the double-digit range in recent years, looking for further opportunities for importing and exporting its goods by entering the ports of Somalia and Eritrea Visor takes.
Meanwhile, Eritrea, one of the most isolated nations in the world, has pursued a policy that has frightened the economy of investors, including an indefinite military conscription program, have compared the United Nations with slavery.
Eritrean ports are a far cry from the ultramodern facilities that said in neighboring Djibouti, b. Tronvoll, that the country is likely to still make demands if Ethiopia wants to use its shores to export its goods.
"How much concessions are they willing to give to Eritrea for sustainable peace in Ethiopia?" Tronvoll asked.
Soliman said that Isaiah would face its own reform pressures as soon as the threat of Ethiopian aggression that justified its repressive policies was over.
Hundreds of Thousands of Eritreans In recent years, they fled the country for Europe, where they found the system of national services impoverished.
"If the political situation and the freedoms of people in Eritrea opened, it would certainly encourage people to stay," said Soliman.
But so far, most of the reform speech has come from Abiy Alone.
"Isaias did not say much, we have not learned much from Isaias what will change," said Soliman.