Epilepsy is one illness Very common and widespread, affecting not only humans but also animals. In dogs, this disease can be complicated by the causes that cause it. Therefore, it is very important to diagnose them in a timely manner to reduce symptoms.
What is the epileptic seizure?
An epileptic fit is a reaction of the Brain system This is stimulated by excessive and abnormal nerve activity, which involves a state of general excitement caused by the creation of uncontrolled electrical discharges. It occurs with sudden convulsions that can be recurring and cause loss of consciousness.
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What to do with epileptic seizures
When an epileptic seizure occurs, it should not be held back dog But the only thing we can do is put pillows around him to keep him from hitting my head and hurting himself more. The seizures can be partial if they are localized in a small part of the brain, or generalized if they also affect all of the animal’s limbs.
It will be easy to spot the seizure as the dog will fall on one side, strike its jaw, likely stiffen, urinate and defecate uncontrollably, and move all limbs in bumpy ways with a great deal of saliva being lost from the mouth.
An epileptic seizure can last up to 90 seconds and then lead to confusion and disorientation, which can indicate that a full recovery can take up to 24 hours.
We remind you that under no circumstances should the animal block, shake or raise your voice, but calm it down with sweetness and avoid touching its mouth or tongue, as it might involuntarily bite its owner or those around it. As with serious illnesses, the younger the dog, the more severe the epilepsy, as the damage to neurons may be greater and the risk of repeated seizures may be more frequent.
How is Epilepsy Diagnosed?
To diagnose epilepsy it is necessary to evaluate the age at which it occurs and the type and frequency with which the seizure occurs.
If more episodes occur during the first or first seizure, epilepsy can be diagnosed by the age of the dog. If it is less than six months or older than five years it may be of metabolic origin and very often rules out hypoglycemic episodes in older dogs. Between Symptoms of epilepsy We find muscle contractions, difficulty breathing, convulsions, tachycardia, and fainting combined with contractions and tremors, albeit less often.
What the onset of epilepsy entails
According to some tests, the symptoms of epilepsy are due to very low levels of sugar in the blood, to viral, fungal or systemic diseases, to a fatty liver, or to kidney and liver failure.
If the seizure is short-lived and isolated, there is no risk. If the animal is exposed to multiple seizures in a very short period of time, immediate action must be taken by taking the dog, wrapped in a blanket, to the vet.
The treatment is almost exclusively outpatient. The dog is not allowed to swim during this time as it may drown and the dog’s weight must be controlled as the anti-epilepsy drugs tend to make the animal fat.
For tumors, medical procedures can be put in place that can help reduce the frequency of seizures, and drugs such as anticonvulsants, anti-epileptics, or corticosteroids can be given, while steroids are not recommended for infectious diseases because they can have adverse effects.
Obviously, under these conditions, the dog’s life needs frequent controls, especially when it is young. It is also necessary to follow therapies that use drugs that can improve lifestyle.
Can Epilepsy Be Prevented?
Epilepsy is often caused by genetic abnormalities and is therefore very difficult to prevent. The only thing that can be done is to subject the animal to tests, avoid salty foods, and discontinue certain treatments if crises arise.