Spring is usually considered to be the time of the year for the maximum explosion of respiratory allergies, resulting in mild nuisance or severe crises, to a percentage equal to 15-18% of the Italian population. April is considered the "black" month for allergy sufferers. "This year, patients benefited from the weather: frosts and snowfall in February made life easier for pollinosis sufferers and gave them a softer start to spring, a situation that is expected to end in April, making it more difficult for allergy sufferers Month will be, especially in the center-south. "
Alessandro Fiocchi, head of allergy at Bambino Gesù Hospital in Rome, explains this AdnKronos Salute. But how many people do we speak? "A few years ago, a large survey found that around 20% of children between the ages of 6 and 7 suffer from allergic rhinitis and 35% in adolescents aged 1
"Allergic rhinitis – continues Fiocchi – will not go with age, in fact, growth will be more difficult.The good news comes from a work that shows how allergy sufferers are better protected from solid tumors: their excessive immunity is a positive element in this case. "But where do Italians with allergic rhinitis live? Looking at the peninsula, "we are more allergic to the north than to the center-south – the expert observes – and it has been shown that with a lower per-capita income, the children are more protected."
"This year the pollination showed up with the usual nuisances, because in February – Fiocchi emphasizes – the flowers, especially in the center-north, have undergone frost and snowfall.For birch and hazelnut shrubs we can expect a" shortened " and actually speak softer season ". In other words, allergy sufferers have no special problems. "In terms of olive and cypress trees in the center-south, the cold has somewhat delayed the problems, but we expect things to change this month: April will therefore be a difficult month for those in central and southern Regions live, "says Fiocchi
According to Domenico Schiavino, Head of the Department of Allergology of the Agostino Gemelli Hospital in Rome. Allergies are on the increase. "At the beginning of the last century, allergic patients were so few that the disease was defined as atopic, not classifiable," notes Schiavino, "Things have changed radically with pollution." Allergy is never a genetic fact, there is a familiarity, but that For example, in some African countries there is no allergic asthma at all – think that wasps and bees no longer nest in Italy, Spain and other Mediterranean countries because the air they breathe does not like them either. " The first advice for the exposed is: to keep an eye on the pollen calendar. "Pollination before spring has already happened – explains Schiavino -" plants such as cypress and hazelnut are now pollinated and those that are sensitive to these allergens are better now. "It must be stressed that these plants have the big pollen However, rhinitis but not asthma can be diagnosed.The parietarie officinalis, ie the all-resistant wild grass, is activated during this time and its small pollen, about 15 microns, fall deep into the airways and cause asthmatic symptoms.The same – emphasizes the allergist – starting to get angry from March to the end of June, they take a break in July and August, but they pollinate from September to November, so many months a year, which produces an almost permanent symptomatology. "
Most feared but are the grasses that bloom from April to June, as well as the olive tree: in the south of Puglia, where it is particularly far common, is responsible for many respiratory allergies. We continue with composites going from mid-June to mid-September. "In northern regions – the well-known Schiavino – for about fifteen years the allergy to ambrosia that did not exist in Italy prevailed, probably coming to us from the United States, transported by the food or by the wheels of the planes the first place was Malpensa Airport. "
Today, the amount of drugs available for treatment is very much more effective than in the past. First there are the vaccines. "Allergy testing should be done in the fall, by the end of the year you have to start the desensitization treatment, which should be continued until June – I recommend the doctor – it is to inject once a week, even if we use it less today and sublingual vaccines, they have similar efficacy and fewer side effects, with the vaccine we increase the tolerance to allergen and more than 80% of patients no longer show significant dysfunction. "
Antihistamines become the new symptomatic therapy It is recommended that the generation cause less drowsiness problems. nasal cortisone. "Patients are afraid to hear about cortisone, but the amount is low, it is locally absorbed and you should not be afraid". In general, respiratory allergy lasting for more than two months should not be underestimated. "If the nasal mucosa is inflamed for a long time, it can cause severe rhinosinusitis," Schiavino warns. "For these patients, the vaccine is advisable because it can lead to bronchial asthma over time."
What type of prevention can be used in addition to the vaccine become? "It's very good to go on a beach holiday because the breeze keeps the air clean," says the allergist. "When you drive around in the car, you have to keep the windows closed and change the filters every year by choosing the ones with the smallest and smallest holes to block the particles, and I suggest a bandana to the young people who ride or putting a mask under the full face helmet to block the entry of pollens – in full pollination – concludes Schiavno – keep the windows at home and change the air at midnight or dawn because the pollen falls when the temperature drops.  Share this article: