After a news leak that had alarmed Italian football, Sinisa Mihajlovic convened a press conference to announce his Leukemia . I am not afraid, I will win and become a better and more mature man. Nobody gave me anything in life and I will deserve this victory ». In fact, the Serbian coach has a good chance to win his fight, because today these hematological diseases no longer beats the fear of the past, because they are not only curable, but can be cured , ,
Leukemias are liquid malignant tumors Blood neoplasms that develop in the bone marrow, in the blood itself, in the lymphatic system and in other tissues and are distinguished in acute cases and chronically dependent on the Speed of onset and progression of the disease. The name leukemia derives from the Greek word "leukos", which means "white" and "ema" blood, precisely because this pathology begins in white blood cells, the cells responsible for fighting infections. In leukemia patients, the bone marrow actually begins to produce a very high number of abnormal white blood cells. Millions of cells that do not function properly do not fight infection. The first symptom to occur is persistent fever, . like that of Sinia, which fortunately led to a quick medical examination. During his moving history, Mihajlovic announced that he often checked his health after having a father who died of cancer, and that three months earlier he had completed a full examination in which all examinations were regular. to have always lived a healthy life and to train every day without having absolutely any symptoms.
The fact is that there is no prevention in leukemia, as blood cancers suddenly occur as in a stroke, and there are no screening tests that would have to be done like solid tumors, so to speak, for organ cancer, since these are Systemic hematopoietic pathologies in which the whole organism is affected as "liquid" blood tumors It is important to be able to recognize the symptoms.
SYMPTOMS TO BE RECOGNIZED ̵
Due to the cell type affected by the neoplastic proliferation, leukemias are distinguished as "lymphoid" when the tumor infects the lymphocytes and lymphoid cells, and as the "myeloid" line when the malignant transformation is involved in the components of the myeloid line (red blood cells, platelets and leukocytes). Acute lymphocytic leukemia is most prevalent in children, but also in patients over 65 years of age, while acute myeloid leukemia is more common in adults. The bone marrow retains the ability throughout the lifespan to regularly replace the enormous number of aging blood cells, which, after being released into the peripheral blood, have a short lifespan because the white blood cells live only one day of platelets 4 to 6 days and red blood cells for about 120 days, and in the normal state there is a balance between the number of cells produced and that destined to die off. When leukemia occurs, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells or tumor leukemia cells that have no normal defense against infection and inflammation, and the development of red blood cells and platelets is "stifled" by tumor clones, thereby significantly disrupting and causing serious problems like anemia, bleeding and systemic infections. Acute leukemias are rapidly progressive diseases characterized by rapid progression and early onset of symptoms. They occur in children and young adults, while chronic leukemias are slower, blood proliferation is less rapid and often asymptomatic. and are features of senile age.
NON-OPERATIONAL The severity of leukemia depends on the type of cells affected, the response to treatment and the involvement of the various organs, and is a pathology that can not be operated English: tobias-lib German: dermis.multimedica.de: 80 / dermisroot … iagnosep.htm Therapy is exclusively medical and is based on chemotherapeutic and monoclonal antibodies which account for more than 68%. of patients treated with lymphocytic leukemia, ensure survival 85% in children under 15 years, a lower percentage in patients with myeloid leukemia. Upon successful induction chemotherapy, the patient will receive a complete remission of the disease, and maintenance therapy aims to maintain complete remission as long as possible.
If the disappearance of leukemia is not complete, or the type of leukemia is highly endangered, the leukemia patient begins with a bone marrow transplant performed today with own hematopoietic stem cells taken from the patient himself, multiplied and subsequently re-infected in a brachial vein as a common blood transfusion. Allogeneic transplantation is indicated for all high-risk leukemias that achieve complete remission, relapse, or therapeutic response that is considered unsatisfactory or incomplete. Trunk transplantation is the only weapon today that offers hope for cure, even in advanced leukemia or unresponsive to conventional treatments, and has consolidated in recent decades as an exceptional therapy that has secured millions of healings worldwide. once thought impossible.
STEM CELL TRANSPLANT – Sinisa Mihajlovic was lucky to discover her disease at the beginning, and her leukemia did not affect the general conditions. Complete remission of haematological pathology through drug therapy and possible stem transplantation. A therapeutic pathway that requires courage and determination, so long and exhausting, but as soon as the initial shock of diagnosis is overcome, it is always traumatic for every patient ("I cried for two days locked in the room after falling into a nightmare") he will learn to face his leukemia, accept it, fight it and heal it, with the strength that one does not believe in the beginning, but which occurs in all patients affected by this disease, in those who those who have the instinct to live, and that they have around them affections and loves that they do not want to part with (Sinia has a beloved wife and 5 children) and with whom they want to live and return to smile.
Ps: In Italy, about 15 new diagnosed cases of leukemia per 100,000 people per year, ie: 5,300 new cases a year in men and around 3,900 in women. In our country, the most common forms of leukemia are chronic lymphocytic (33.5% of the total), acute myeloid (26.4%), chronic myeloid (14.1%) and acute lymphocytic (9.5%). )
by Melania Rizzoli